Peter Haycock

Title: Emeritus Professor
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Peter Haycock

I joined Keele University in 1989 as a research fellow, having studied physics as an undergraduate at Bristol University and then as a doctoral student at Sussex University, followed by a previous research fellowship at Oxford University.  Initially in the Centre for Electronic Engineering, I have moved around Keele a fair bit, via the Physics section and then Chemistry, specialising in physical chemistry and applied materials.  Having had a long association with Keele's Foundation Year, I launched the new model of this programme in 2000, taking up responsibility for leading the current Foundation Year Centre in 2005.  For three years I was seconded part-time to the administrative side of the University to head up the Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning division during Keele's involvement in the sub-regional Lifelong Learning Network.  I have retained my research interests and now divide my time between running the Foundation Year Centre and as Professor of Environmental Engineering in the Research Institute for the Environment, Physical Sciences and Applied Mathematics.

Historical

My research career started at Sussex University, using ion beams and electron beams to modify materials of use in opto-electronics.  The highlight of this was the first use of electron beam excitation to allow low temperature electrical repoling of the ferroelectric materials lithium niobate and lithium tantalate.  In the Clarendon Laboratory at Oxford I changed direction to use diffuse x-ray scattering techniques in the study of ionic disorder in fast ion conductors.  During this time, high-temperature superconductors (HTS) were first discovered, followed by an international race to optimise and understand these materials.  These were exciting times and I started to work closely with the Crystal Growth Group as they produced the first flux-grown single crystals of two classes of HTS materials, lanthanum strontium cuprate and barium strontium cuprate.  My role was single-crystal and powder x-ray crystallogaphy to identify and refine their structures. This period also gave me my first insight into EXAFS and x-ray reflectometry at the national synchrotron source.

On moving to Keele, I changed fields again, using the techniques learned at Oxford to investigate novel magneto-optic materials for magnetic data storage  (as eventually applied by Sony in their minidisc, but not because of me)!  This involved the growth of thin films using metal-organic chemical vapour deposition, a technique which my research group eventually also applied to the development of novel materials for gas sensor applications based on tin, antimony and bismuth compounds.  

Current

Magnetic resonance, studies of the magneto-optic thin films eventually, led by a round about route, to the development of instrumentation for the detection of corrosion, essentially rust, on steel embedded within other materials.  This was originally applied to the vehicle tyre retreading industry, but latterly and more successfully to the health monitoring of concrete structures.  The two technologies developed have now been licensed to an SME.  One is in use commercially and the other under development.

However, I have never lost my interest in x-rays and during the first few years at Keele was involved in one of the teams performing some of the early research into magnetic x-ray scattering, as a complement to magnetic neutron scattering to determine magnetic structures of crystals.   A more recent endeavour has been multi-energy x-ray imaging to determine not just the shape of objects within other materials, but also the material from which they are made.  This has applications in a range of forensic related areas, and the current Keele technique was developed in collaboration with the UK Forensic Science Service.

I have always had strong interest in the application of science and have collaborated extensively with industry, as well as acting from time to time as a director of various companies.  This emphasis on industrial relevance has recently led my research into a strong collaboration with the Computer Science section of the University, in the development of data analysis techniques to process the large data sets obtained from non-destructive tests, especially those used for real-time monitoring.  We currently have an additional collaborator in the National Physical Laboratory, who have supplied large data sets on which we are testing novel computational intelligence methods to identify the onset of damage to a concrete bridge using continuous data streams from arrays of sensors. 

Selected Publications

  • George SM, Haycock PW, Ormerod RM. 2018. The mechanism of corrosion of Aluminium Zirconium Silicate (AZS) material in the float glass furnace regenerator. JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol. 38(4), 2202-2209. link> doi> full text>
  • Wootton AJ, Butcher JB, Kyriacou T, Day CR, Haycock PW. 2017. Structural health monitoring of a footbridge using Echo State Networks and NARMAX. ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, vol. 64, 152-163. link> doi> full text>
  • Wootton AJ, Taylor SL, Day CR, Haycock PW. 2017. Optimizing Echo State Networks for Static Pattern Recognition. COGNITIVE COMPUTATION, vol. 9(3), 391-399. link> doi> full text>
  • Wootton AJ, Day CR, Haycock PW, IEEE. 2015. An Echo State Network Approach to Structural Health Monitoring. 2015 INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON NEURAL NETWORKS (IJCNN). link> full text>
  • Haycock PW, Butcher, JB, Day, CR, Verstraeten, D, Schrauwen, B. 2014. Defect Detection in Reinforced Concrete Using Random Neural Architectures. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, vol. 29(3), 191-207.

Full Publications List show

Journal Articles

  • George SM, Haycock PW, Ormerod RM. 2018. The mechanism of corrosion of Aluminium Zirconium Silicate (AZS) material in the float glass furnace regenerator. JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, vol. 38(4), 2202-2209. link> doi> full text>
  • Wootton AJ, Butcher JB, Kyriacou T, Day CR, Haycock PW. 2017. Structural health monitoring of a footbridge using Echo State Networks and NARMAX. ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE, vol. 64, 152-163. link> doi> full text>
  • Wootton AJ, Taylor SL, Day CR, Haycock PW. 2017. Optimizing Echo State Networks for Static Pattern Recognition. COGNITIVE COMPUTATION, vol. 9(3), 391-399. link> doi> full text>
  • Haycock PW, Butcher, JB, Day, CR, Verstraeten, D, Schrauwen, B. 2014. Defect Detection in Reinforced Concrete Using Random Neural Architectures. Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, vol. 29(3), 191-207.
  • Butcher JB, Day CR, Austin JC, Haycock PW, Verstraeten D, Schrauwen B. 2014. Defect Detection in Reinforced Concrete Using Random Neural Architectures. COMPUTER-AIDED CIVIL AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGINEERING, vol. 29(3), 191-207. link> doi>
  • Butcher JB, Verstraeten D, Schrauwen B, Day CR, Haycock PW. 2013. Reservoir Computing and extreme learning machines for non-linear time-series data analysis. Neural Networks, vol. 38, 76-89. doi>
  • Austin JC, Day CR, Kearon AT, Evans DL, Haycock PW. 2010. Comparison method to differentiate between painted objects using polychromatic X-rays. INSIGHT, vol. 52(3), 140-143. link> doi>
  • Austin JC, Day CR, Kearon AT, Haycock PW. 2009. Single element mapping in radiography. X-RAY SPECTROMETRY, vol. 38(6), 492-504. link> doi>
  • Day CR, Austin JC, Butcher JB, Haycock PW, Kearon AT. 2009. Element-specific determination of X-ray transmission signatures using neural networks. NDT & E INTERNATIONAL, vol. 42(5), 446-451. link> doi>
  • Austin JC, Day CR, Kearon AT, Valussi S, Haycock PW. 2008. Using polychromatic X-radiography to examine realistic imitation firearms. Forensic Sci Int, vol. 181(1-3), 26-31. link> doi>
  • Austin JC, Day CR, Kearon AT, Valussi S, Haycock PW. 2008. Characterisation of metallic powder impregnated pastes using polychromatic X-radiography. INSIGHT, vol. 50(10), 550-553. link> doi>
  • Chioncel MF, Nagaraja HS, Rossignol F, Haycock PW. 2007. Domain structures of MOCVD cobalt thin films. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, vol. 313(1), 135-141. link> doi>
  • Chioncel MF and Haycock PW. 2006. Cobalt thin films deposited by photoassisted MOCVD exhibiting inverted magnetic hysteresis. CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION, vol. 12(11), 670-678. link> doi>
  • Hollingsworth N, Horley GA, Mazhar M, Mahon MF, Molloy KC, Haycock PW, Myers CP, Critchlow GW. 2006. Tin(H) aminoalkoxides and heterobimetallic derivatives: the structures of Sn-6(O)(4)(dmae)(4), Sn-6(O)(4)(OEt)(4) and [Sn(dmae)(2)Cd(acac)(2)](2). APPLIED ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, vol. 20(10), 687-695. link> doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW, Bladon S, Hocking MJ, North L. 2006. Non-destructive Detection of Corrosion in Steel Reinforcement. Concrete Engineering International, vol. 10, 39-41.
  • HAYCOCK PW and Chioncel MF. 2005. Structural Characterization of Cobalt Thin Films Grown by Metal-Organic CVD. Chemical Vapour Deposition, vol. 11(5), 235-243. doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW, Austin JC, Heywood BR, Liddle J. 2004. Broad spectrum element-specific X-ray imaging. NDT & E International, vol. 37(3), 229-236. doi>
  • Myers CP, Haycock PW, Pichot M, Horley GA, Molloy KC, Rushworth SA, Smith LM. 2004. Deposition of antimony and antimony oxides by MOCVD. Chemical Vapour Deposition, vol. 10(1), 35-44. doi>
  • Potter AR, Austin JC, Ormerod RM, Haycock PW, Heywood BR, George SD. 2003. X-ray images of defect formation in porcelain ceramics during drying. NDT and E International. doi>
  • Potter AR, Austin JC, Ormerod RM, Haycock PW, Heywood BR, George SD. 2003. X-ray images of defect formation in porcelain ceramics during drying. NDT and E International.
  • Potter AR, Austin JC, Ormerod RM, Haycock PW, Heywood BR, George SD. 2003. X-ray images of defect formation in porcelain ceramics during drying. NDT&E International.
  • HAYCOCK PW, Horley GA, Mahon MF, Myers CP. 2002. Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Homoleptic N,N-Dialkylcarbamato Complexes of Antimony: Precursors for the Deposition of Antimony Oxides. Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 41(20), 5052-5058. doi>
  • Haycock PW, Chioncel MF, Shah J. 2002. Resonance studies of cobalt thin films exhibiting inverse hysteresis. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. doi>
  • Horley GA, Mahon MF, Molloy KC, Venter MM, Haycock PW, Myers CP. 2002. Structures of Sb(OC(6)H(3)Me(2)-2,6)(3) and Sb(OEt)(5) x NH(3): the first authenticated monomeric Sb(OR)(n) (n = 3, 5). Inorg Chem, vol. 41(6), 1652-1657. link> doi>
  • Horley GA, Mahon MF, Molloy KC, Venter MM, Haycock PW, Myers CP. 2002. Structures of Sb(OC6H3Me2-2,6)(3) and Sb(OEt)(5)center dot NH3: The first authenticated monomeric Sb(OR)(n) (n=3, 5). INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol. 41(6), 1652-1657. link> doi>
  • Horley GA, Mahon MF, Mazhar M, Molloy KC, Haycock PW, Myers CP. 2002. Antimony beta-diketonates and alkoxide/beta-diketonates: remarkable formation of a 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran ring by coupling of 1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoro-2,4-pentanedione ligands. JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 4416-4421. link> doi>
  • Horley GA, Mahon MF, Molloy KC, Venter MM, Haycock PW, Myers CP. 2002. Structures of Sb(OC\d6\uH\d3\uMe\d2-\u2,6)\d3\u and Sb(OEt)\d5\u.NH\d3\u: The First Authenticated Monomeric Sb(OR)\dn\u (n=3,5). Inorganic Chemistry.
  • Haycock PW, Horley GA, Molloy KC, Myers CP, Rushworth SA, Smith LM. 2001. Atmospheric Pressure CVD of Antimony Oxides. Chemical Vapor Deposition. doi>
  • Haycock PW, Horley GA, Molloy KC, Myers CP, Rushworth SA, Smith LM. 2001. MOCVD of antimony oxides for gas sensor applications. J. Phys IV France. doi>
  • Brown JR, Haycock PW, Smith LM, Jones AC, Williams EW. 2000. Response behaviour of tin oxide thin film gas sensors grown by MOCVD. SENSORS AND ACTUATORS B-CHEMICAL, vol. 63(1-2), 109-114. link> doi>
  • Unwin ME, Haycock PW, Hoon SR, Grannell PK. 1999. A novel broadband ferromagnetic resonance spectrometer. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, vol. 205(2-3), 199-208. link> doi>
  • Brown JR, Cheney MT, Haycock PW, Houlton DJ, Jones AC, Williams EW. 1997. The gas-sensing properties of tin oxide thin films deposited by metallorganic chemical vapor deposition. JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol. 144(1), 295-299. link> doi>
  • Brown SD, Street R, Chantrell RW, Haycock PW, OGrady K. 1996. Time dependence and mechanisms of magnetization reversal in Fb-Fe-Co films. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, vol. 79(5), 2594-2600. link> doi>
  • THOMAS AH, CHANTRELL RW, ELHILO M, HAYCOCK PW, OGRADY K. 1995. CALCULATION OF FMR IN INTERACTING FINE-PARTICLE SYSTEMS. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, vol. 151(1-2), 54-58. link> doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW, HAYES W, WARD RCC, SALTER CJ, HARVERSON RJ. 1995. THE STRUCTURE OF ION DEFICIENT SODIUM BETA-''-ALUMINA. SOLID STATE IONICS, vol. 80(1-2), 53-58. link> doi>
  • HOULTON DJ, JONES AC, HAYCOCK PW, WILLIAMS EW, BULL J, CRITRCHLOW GW. 1995. THE DEPOSITION OF PLATINUM-CONTAINING TIN OXIDE THIN-FILMS BY METAL-ORGANIC CVD. CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION, vol. 1(1), 26-&. link> doi>
  • TANG CC, HAYCOCK PW, STIRLING WG, WILSON CC, KEEN D, FORT D. 1995. PULSED-NEUTRON LAUE DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF THE MAGNETIC-STRUCTURES OF HOLMIUM AND TERBIUM. PHYSICA B, vol. 205(1), 105-114. link> doi>
  • BROWN SD, LOWTHERHARRIS RS, HAYCOCK PW, KELLY JF, CHANDLER PJ, BARNES P, UNWIN ME. 1994. DISLOCATION DISTRIBUTIONS IN ION-IMPLANTED OPTICAL WAVE-GUIDES. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, vol. 94(4), 417-423. link> doi>
  • JONES AC, AULD J, RUSHWORTH SA, WILLIAMS EW, HAYCOCK PW, TANG CC, CRITCHLOW GW. 1994. THE DEPOSITION OF ALUMINUM NITRIDE THIN-FILMS BY METAL-ORGANIC CVD - AN ALTERNATIVE PRECURSOR SYSTEM. ADVANCED MATERIALS, vol. 6(3), 229-231. link> doi>
  • TANG CC, STIRLING WG, JONES DL, WILSON CC, HAYCOCK PW, ROLLASON AJ, THOMAS AH, FORT D. 1992. MAGNETIC-X-RAY AND NEUTRON-SCATTERING FROM HOLMIUM AND TERBIUM. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, vol. 103(1-2), 86-96. link> doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW, STIRLING WG, GOULD RD, TANG CC, JONES DL, HERDMAN GJ, WILLIAMS EW, OGRADY K. 1990. X-RAY AND NEUTRON-SCATTERING STUDIES OF LASER-ANNEALED TB-FE-CO THIN-FILMS. THIN SOLID FILMS, vol. 193(1-2), 1038-1045. link> doi>
  • RAPTIS C, MCGREEVY RL, HAYCOCK PW, CHEN CG, WANKLYN BM. 1989. RAMAN PROBING OF THERMALLY INDUCED EFFECTS ON LA2-XSRXCUO4 SINGLE-CRYSTALS. PHYSICA C, vol. 161(1), 83-87. link> doi>
  • CHEN CK, WATTS BE, WANKLYN BM, THOMAS PA, HAYCOCK PW. 1988. PHASE-DIAGRAM AND SINGLE-CRYSTAL GROWTH OF (LA,SR)2CUO4 FROM CUO SOLUTION. JOURNAL OF CRYSTAL GROWTH, vol. 91(4), 659-665. link> doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW and TOWNSEND PD. 1987. EXCITON LUMINESCENCE FROM PURE LINBO3. JOURNAL OF PHYSICS C-SOLID STATE PHYSICS, vol. 20(2), 319-327. link> doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW and TOWNSEND PD. 1987. IMPURITY EFFECTS IN LUMINESCENCE OF LINBO3. CRYSTAL LATTICE DEFECTS AND AMORPHOUS MATERIALS, vol. 15(1-4), 143-149. link>
  • HAYCOCK PW and TOWNSEND PD. 1986. A METHOD OF POLING LINBO3 AND LITAO3 BELOW TC. APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, vol. 48(11), 698-700. link> doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW and TOWNSEND PD. 1986. ION-BEAM INDUCED LUMINESCENCE SPECTRA OF LINBO3. RADIATION EFFECTS AND DEFECTS IN SOLIDS, vol. 98(1-4), 243-248. link> doi>

Other

  • Wootton AJ, Day CR, Haycock PW, IEEE. 2015. An Echo State Network Approach to Structural Health Monitoring. 2015 INTERNATIONAL JOINT CONFERENCE ON NEURAL NETWORKS (IJCNN). link> full text>
  • Butcher JB, Lion M, Day CR, Haycock PW, Hocking MJ. 2009. A Low Frequency Electromagnetic Probe for Detection of Corrosion in Steel-Reinforced Concrete. In M. Grantham & C. Majorana (Eds.). Concrete Solutions (pp. 446-451). CRC Press.
  • Myers CP, Haycock PW, Horley GA, Molloy KC, Rushworth SA, Smith LM. 2003. Antimony oxide based gas sensors. 27TH INTERNATIONAL COCOA BEACH CONFERENCE ON ADVANCED CERAMICS AND COMPOSITES: B (vol. 24, pp. 107-112). link>
  • Haycock PW, Lopez MG, Auld J, Bull JW, Williams EW. 2000. Low pressure photo-assisted MOCVD for the production of homogeneous, low-strain, amorphous titanium oxide films. NEW METHODS, MECHANISMS AND MODELS OF VAPOR DEPOSITION (vol. 616, pp. 53-58). link> doi>
  • Chioncel MF, Haycock PW, Ogrin FY, Ruthven BL, Bull JW. 2000. Surface catalysed photo-assisted MOCVD of cobalt thin films for enhanced control of magnetic properties. NEW METHODS, MECHANISMS AND MODELS OF VAPOR DEPOSITION (vol. 616, pp. 3-8). link> doi>
  • Lowther-Harris RS, Haycock PW, Tang CC, MacLean EJ. 1999. Structural studies of ion implanted optical waveguides in LiNbO3. RADIATION EFFECTS AND DEFECTS IN SOLIDS (vol. 150, pp. 311-314). link> doi>
  • Mannix D, Stirling WG, Bucknall DG, Haycock PW, Brown SD, Lander GH, Plaskett TS. 1997. Polarised neutron reflectivity from a [UAs/Co] multilayer. PHYSICA B (vol. 234, pp. 470-472). link> doi>
  • Wongsam MA, Chantrell RW, Haycock PW. 1997. Spin wave resonances of cobalt based multilayers. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS (vol. 81, pp. 5318-5320). link> doi>
  • Gulyaev YV, Ogrin YF, Polzikova NI, Ogrin FY, Haycock PW. 1996. Magnetoacoustic echo spectrum of a ferrite-dielectric layered structure. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS (vol. 157, pp. 482-483). link> doi>
  • Wongsam MA, Chantrell RW, Haycock PW. 1996. A Hamiltonian description of FMR in finite continuous media. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS (vol. 155, pp. 37-39). link> doi>
  • Ogrin FY and Haycock PW. 1996. FMR studies of cobalt thin films deposited by MOCVD. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS (vol. 155, pp. 199-201). link> doi>
  • LOWTHERHARRIS RS, BROWN SD, HAYCOCK PW, CHANDLER PJ, ZHANG L, TANG CC, FINDLAY RP, BABSAIL L, RODMAN M, KNIGHT J, TOWNSEND PD. 1995. COMPLEMENTARY X-RAY TOPOGRAPHY AND NEAR-SURFACE DIFFRACTION FOR INVESTIGATIONS INTO THE STRUCTURE OF ION-IMPLANTED OPTICAL WAVE-GUIDES. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS (vol. 97, pp. 337-341). link> doi>
  • THOMAS AH, HAYCOCK PW, CHANTRELL RW, ENGINEERS IE. 1994. FERROMAGNETIC RESONANCE STUDIES OF ASSEMBLIES OF FINE MAGNETIC PARTICLES. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON STORAGE & RECORDING SYSTEMS (pp. 66-71). link>
  • THOMSON T, OGRADY K, BROWN S, HAYCOCK PW, WILLIAMS EW. 1992. OPTICAL AND MAGNETIC MEASUREMENTS OF TIME-DEPENDENCE EFFECTS IN MAGNETOOPTIC THIN-FILMS. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS (vol. 28, pp. 2515-2517). link> doi>
  • HAYCOCK PW, NOYAU RH, THOMSON T, HERDMAN GJ, WILLIAMS EW, OGRADY K. 1990. STRUCTURAL AND MAGNETIC-PROPERTIES OF LASER-ANNEALED MAGNETOOPTIC THIN-FILMS. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS (vol. 26, pp. 1921-1923). link> doi>
  • Butcher JB, Verstaeten D, Schrauwen B, Day CR, Haycock PW. Pruning reservoirs with random static projections. Machine Learning for Signal Processing (MLSP), 2010 IEEE International Workshop on (pp. 250-255).

After having taught from Foundation to Masters level in various aspects of solid state physics, electronic engineering and physical chemistry, my undergraduate teaching is now focussed largely on the Foundation Year Centre, where I teach on the physics, computing and mathematics programmes, including a module on the physics of music.  In addition, I contribute to the teaching team for the Academic Development aspect of the Foundation Year.

Teaching involvement in current modules:

Foundation Year Modules

FYO-00094   The Sound of Music (Module Leader)

FYO-00096   Computers and Programming (Module Leader)

Electives

FYO-10011   The Art of Noise (Module Leader)

anything else here