The Adult Attitude to Grief scale

The Adult Attitude to Grief Scale

The AAG scale was used to test the validity of the categories of grief conceptualised in the RRL model (Machin 2001). The RRL factor structure was supported in this 2001 research and additionally the scale seen as a tool of value in practice settings, as a measure to profile individual grief (Machin and Spall 2004; Machin 2007);

  • for assessment,
  • to qualitatively promote therapeutic dialogue,
  • as an indicative guide for interventions,
  • as a measure of change.

Modified versions of the scale have been developed for use with children/young people, with loss other than bereavement,  and with people facing significant life changing illness.  

The AAG scale is: 

  • A 9 item scale (3 for each of the 3 categories, presented in a random order)
  • Self-report statements
  • On a five point scale from strongly agree to strongly disagree

For downloadable versions of the scale, please visit the website.


  • Machin, L. (2001) Exploring a framework for understanding the range of response to loss; a study of clients receiving bereavement counselling. Unpublished PhD thesis: Keele University, UK.
  • Machin, L. and Spall, R. (2004) Mapping Grief: a study in practice using a quantitative and qualitative approach to exploring and addressing the range of response to loss. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. Vol 4 No 1, 9-17.
  • Machin, L. (2007) The Adult Attitude to Grief Scale as a Tool of Practice for Counsellors Working with Bereaved people. A study report sponsored by Age Concern, Tameside and Keele University.
  • Machin, L. (2009/2014) Working with Loss and Grief. London: Sage.