Dr. Andrew Rutherford

Title: Senior Lecturer
Phone: +44 (0)1782 733382
Email: a.rutherford@keele.ac.uk
Location: Dorothy Hodgkin Building 1.79
Role: Vice Chair of the University Ethical Review Panel 1, Chair of the School of Psychology Student Project Ethics Committee, Deputy Academic Conduct Officer, Library Liaison, and Andrew Robertson Bursary Administrator. Convener of Modules PSY30061 (Final Year Project), PSY30098 (Mini-Project for Psychology Major Students) and PSY30085 (Special Topic for Psychology Major Students).
Contacting me: Try knocking on office door, if unsuccessful – email

I studied for my BSc (Hons) in Psychology and carried out my Psychology PhD research at the University of Glasgow.  Subsequently, I took a research post in the Department of Psychology, Nottingham University to work on cognitive aspects of "Stress".  I then moved to a similar position in the School of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering at the University of Nottingham, investigating operators' mental models of robot movement.  At the end of this research project, I took a temporary lecturereship on cognitive ergonomics (cognitive psychology applied to work situations) in the same school and I also held a part-time lectureship in human-computer interaction at de Montford University.  Before coming to Keele, I held a Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship in the School of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering at Nottingham University on a research project I had co-authored  examining operators' mental models of advanced manufacturing processes.

I have three main areas of research. The first area concerns memory, particularly encoding and retrieval processes.  All of my PhD students so far have examined memory processes.  My second research area is general and generalized linear modelling.  These key data analytic techniques allow data collected in experiments, or by other methods, to be analysed appropriately and accurately.  The third research area is the neuropsychological consequences of football play, especially those related to football heading.  The possibility that football head injury may be a risk factor in the early onset of dementia is a recent focus for our research.

Currently, I am Chair of the British Psychological Society Mathematics, Statistics & Computing Section, I am an associate editor of the British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical psychology, and a committee member of the British Psychological Society Cognitive Section.

I am an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society (AFBPsS), a Chartered Psychologist (C. Psychol) and a member of the Experimental Psychology Society. At Keele, I am a member of the Brain & Cognition Research Group.


I would be happy to hear from students interested in conducting PhD research in any of the research areas mentioned above.  However, a PhD project focusing on the nature of memory encoding and retrieval, with particular reference to single process and dual process memory models, is under development currently, and anyone interested in this project is strongly encouraged to apply.

Recent Articles

  • Markopoulos, G., Rutherford, A., Cairns, C. & Green, J. (2010).  Encoding Instructions and Stimulus Presentation in Local Environmental Context-Dependent Memory Studies.  Memory, 18, 610-624.
  • Bruno, D. & Rutherford, A. (2010).  How many response options?  A study of Remember-Know testing procedures.  Acta Psychologica, 134, 125–129.
  • Rutherford, A., Stephens, R., Potter, D. & Fernie, G. (2009).  Do UK university football club players suffer neuropsychological impairment as a consequence of their football (soccer) play?  Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuropsychology, 31, 641-681.


Recent Book

  • Rutherford, A. (2012).  ANOVA and ANCOVA: a GLM approach.  2nd edition.  Wiley: Hoboken, NJ.

Year 1

  • PSY10001: Individuals & Society 1
  • PSY10016: Biological & Cognitive Psychology 1
  • PSY10017: Research Methods 2

Year 2

  • PSY20005: Biological & Cognitive Psychology 2

Year 3

  • PSY30036: Psychology of Memory (Convener)
  • PSY30061: Final Year Project (Convener)
  • PSY30085: Major Psychology, Special Topic (Convener)
  • PSY30098: Major Psychology, Mini-Project (Convener)

Year 4

  • PSY40031 Special Topics in Psychology 2