Key word (V)

Vastus Medialis Oblique (VMO)

  • In adults with chronic anterior knee pain are Vastus Medialis Oblique (VMO) strengthening exercises alone more effective in reducing pain and improving function than general lower limb strengthening exercises?

VAS

  • In an adult population undergoing primary total knee replacement (TKR) does the addition of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) to usual care improve pain management & as a result improve range of movement (ROM) within 3 months post-operatively?

Vitamin D

  • In Vitamin D deficient adults with chronic non-specific pain does Vitamin D supplementation reduce pain and reduce the need for further interventions. 

VRS

  • In an adult population undergoing primary total knee replacement (TKR) does the addition of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) to usual care improve pain management & as a result improve range of movement (ROM) within 3 months post-operatively?