Key word (C)

Calf

  • In adult humans with plantar fasciitis does a sustained stretch of the calf muscles or triceps surae have an beneficial effect on pain, range of movement and return to normal daily activity?

Carpal tunnel syndrome

  • Is day or night time splinting more effective than usual care in improving pain, function and reducing sensory disturbance in adults with Carpal Tunnel symptoms?
  • In adults with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome who have had an injection, is immediate post-injection immobilisation splinting more effective than no splinting for symptoms of pins and needles, pain and function?

Cerviacal Radiculopathy 

  • In the adult population, does the Spurlings sign/test have good senstivity* and specificity** in detecting cervical radiculopthy

Chondral defect

  • In the adult population undergoing surgical arthroscopic treatment for knee articular chondral defect, is the use of CPM (continuous passive motion) effective in reducing pain and improving function?

Chronic

  • In adults with chronic low back pain are core stability exercises more effective in improving function and decreasing pain compared to a general exercise program?
  • Is multidisciplinary management of chronic low back pain more effective in terms of reducing pain, improving function and increasing return to work compared with unidisciplinary treatment?
  • In the adult population, is eccentric or concentric exercise more effective for the return of function in Subacute or chronic Achilles tendonopathies?
  • Does autologous blood injection provide more pain relief and functional improvement in adults with chronic tendinopathy when compared to usual care?
  • In adults with chronic lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) are eccentric exercises more effective in reducing pain and improving function than concentric exercises?

Chronic Knee Synovitis 

  • In adults with inflammatory arthritis and persistent knee synovitis, does yttrium synovectomy improve pain and function? 

Chronic Shoulder Pain

  • In adults with chronic shoulder pain is a nerve ablation procedure (for the suprascapular nerve( as effective in reducing pain, in the long term compared to usual care?  

Chronic Coccydynia 

  • In adults with chronic coccydynia, is the intervention of corticosteroid injection with or without internal coccyx manipulation more effective in reducing coccyx pain than usual care? 

Chronic Tendinopathy

  • In patients presenting with acute or chronic tendinopathies, what is the incidence of harm for those receiving steroid injections compared to those receiving usual care‌?

Cognitive behavioural therapy

Concentric exercise

  • In the adult population, is eccentric or concentric exercise more effective for the return of function in Subacute or chronic Achilles tendonopathies?

Core sytability

  • In adults with chronic low back pain are core stability exercises more effective in improving function and decreasing pain compared to a general exercise program?

Cortico steroid

  • In adults with shoulder joint impingement is the intervention of injecting the subacromial joint with 20mg of corticosteroid as effective as injecting with 40mg ‌?
  • In patients presenting with acute or chronic tendinopathies, what is the incidence of harm for those receiving steroid injections compared to those receiving usual care? 

CPM

  • In the adult population undergoing surgical arthroscopic treatment for knee articular chondral defect, is the use of CPM (continuous passive motion) effective in reducing pain and improving function?

Coccydynia

  • In adults with Coccydynia‌ is physiotherapy more effective in reducing pain than usual care?