Sneyd Family Papers

Of particular significance to local historians are the papers of the Sneyd family of Keele, which are complemented by our Knight and Sons Archive. The papers comprise muniments of title, manorial, estate, legal and business records, a quantity of music and watercolour and pencil sketches.  However, it is the correspondence which is perhaps of greatest significance.  The earliest letter written in about the second quarter of the 16th century by one 'Harry Delves' (probably Sir Henry Delves of Doddington) to Richard Sneyd (d. 1537) concerns buying land at Keele. 

As one would expect, it is the nineteenth century correspondence which survives in the greatest volume. There are series of letters of Walter Sneyd (1752-1829) and his wife Louisa (1764-1834) and of their children Ralph (1793-1870), Walter (1809-1888), Harriet (1796-1867), Elizabeth (1806-1869), Charlotte Augusta (1800-1882) and Frances (1798-1884). The very existence of these large groups of letters from the nineteenth century tells us something about the writers, their relationships with each other and about the social functions of a correspondence. Of particular importance in this context is the correspondence between Ralph Sneyd (1793-1870) and his friend Henry William Vincent (1796-1865) and that between Robert Curzon (1810-1873) and the Rev. Walter Sneyd (1809-1888).

A further miscellaneous group of letters includes a series concerned with Irish affairs. This comprises 40 letters (1784-1801) from John Fitzgibbon, 1st Earl of Clare to William Eden, 1st Lord Auckland and 72 letters (1784-1802) to William Eden from Irish correspondents such as John Beresford, Edward Cooke, John Forster and John Lees and from British politicians such as Pitt and Lord Hobart.  A calendar of this material was prepared by the Northern Ireland Record Office and is available at Keele.

A large number of papers in the archive relate to the administration of the Sneyd estates, including their local mining interests, although unfortunately the archive includes few estate maps.  The manorial content of the Sneyd archive dates from the early fourteenth century and includes a sequence of Keele court rolls and Tunstall court rolls.

The Sneyd accumulation is enhanced by over 1,000 watercolours and pencil sketches executed by the family  and others, depicting their friends, homes and travels.  The most talented artists in the family were undoubtedly Walter Sneyd (1809-1888) and his sister Charlotte Augusta.  Walter's comic illustrated Portraits of the Spruggins Family, a collaborative effort with the Countess Morley, was published privately in 1829 - Walter's own copy is in the archive.  In 1984 a descendent of the Sneyd family donated to the library a copy of a previously unknown work by Walter, an illustrated collection of limericks dedicated without permission to Edward Lear and entitled Bosh (1876).  Charlotte Augusta Sneyd was a proficient watercolourist, particularly skilled at catching a likeness and depicting interiors.  Her finest piece surviving at Keele is a panorama of Almack's assembly rooms in St. James's London.  This was executed in 1819-20 and depicts 154 identified figures on a rolled frieze measuring 80" in length and 10" in width, with an accompanying key in Charlotte's hand.  She and her friends were also responsible for a volume entitled The Winds (1824), a collection of amusing drawings on various aspects of the title. Both the manuscript and the printed version are held at Keele.

In 1977 the Sneyd papers were supplemented by the purchase of miscellaneous family papers and approximately 150 diaries of the Sneyd's of Ashcombe, near Leek, in particular William Sneyd (1767-1851), Penelope Sneyd (nee Holley) (d.1849), Revd. John Sneyd (1798-1873) and Susanna Ingleby (nee Sneyd) (d.1891). 

The material is owned by Keele, is mostly listed, and there are no restrictions on access.

Sneyd

Watercolour of Drawing Room at Cheverells, Herts.  Painted by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd - from Sneyd Papers.

Keele History student Billy Warmington has researched and digitised original materials from the Sneyd Archive to produce a display illustrating the life and times of Charlotte Augusta Sneyd. To view, click on the tabs below.

 

Charlotte Augusta Sneyd of Keele Hall

Keele History student Billy Warmington has researched and digitised original materials from the Sneyd Archive to produce this display illustrating the life and times of Charlotte Augusta Sneyd.

The Library holds Sneyds of Keele Hall papers dating from the fourteenth century to the twentieth century, comprising deeds, manorial, estate, legal and business records, as well as personal correspondence, music, watercolours and sketches.

For permission to use and reproduce material from this exhibition, please contact the Special Collections and Archives (h.burton@keele.ac.uk or tel: 01782 733237)

Charlotte Augusta Sneyd (1800-1882) was the middle of nine children. Her parents were Louisa Sneyd, nee Bagot (1764-1834) and Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Sneyd (1752-1829). The Sneyds of Keele Hall were landed gentry, prominent in county society, with several members of the family serving as MPs, Sheriffs and Mayors for Chester and Staffordshire.

Charlotte’s father, Colonel Walter, took the family into the highest social circles. Walter was MP for Castle Rising and also served as Colonel with the Staffordshire Regiment, acting as bodyguard to King George III at Windsor for 14 years.

Charlotte Augusta Sneyd Carte de Visite 1861

Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, Carte de Visite, 1861 [Sneyd Papers]

(The only surviving image of Charlotte, taken at the age of 61)

 

Through Colonel Walter’s service to the King, an easy relationship developed between the Royal family and the Sneyds. These links were further cemented when Queen Charlotte became godmother to Charlotte Augusta in 1800.

Charlotte maintained a friendship and shared correspondence with the Princesses Mary and Sophia, frequently discussing the main gossip and family matters. Here Charlotte speaks of going to the Queen’s house to see Princess Charlotte dressed for her wedding.

Letter from Charlotte Augusta Sneyd to brother Ralph Sneyd, 13 May 1816 
[Sneyd S[RS/CAS]3]

Letter From Charlotte Augusta Sneyd to brother Ralph Sneyd, 13 May 1816 
[Sneyd S[RS/CAS]3]

Charlotte Augusta Sneyd to brother Ralph Sneyd, 13 May 1816

[Sneyd S[RS/CAS]3]

Musical and Linguistic Talent

The Sneyd sisters were not given the same education as their brothers, but Louisa Sneyd encouraged her daughters to develop their creative and artistic talents. Charlotte in particular possessed considerable artistic, literary and musical ability.

A more than competent musician, Charlotte was taught by William Crotch, the well-known former child prodigy and first principal of the Royal Academy of Music. As well as composing some musical pieces, Charlotte wrote several plays and dramas with music, for the entertainment of family and friends.

In this letter Crotch suggests that Charlotte is using the wrong notes to create tension in her musical piece, and that she should consider changing it to get the desired effect.

William Crotch to Charlotte Sneyd, 30 December 1823 [Sneyd S2857]

Letter from William Crotch to Charlotte Sneyd, 30 December 1823 [Sneyd S2857]

William Crotch to Charlotte Sneyd, 30 December 1823 [Sneyd S2857]

 Canzonetta composed by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd c.1823 
[Sneyd Music S194/33]

Canzonetta composed by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd c.1823

[Sneyd Music S194/33]

 

Charlotte’s efforts at self-improvement display a genuine intellectual interest. Fluent in French, German and Italian, her most notable literary work is a translation for the Camden Society of an important historical view of England, from a late fifteenth century Italian manuscript belonging to her brother Walter.

A relation, or rather a true account, of the Island of England; with sundry particulars of the customs of these people… (Camden Society Publications, 37, London 1846) [Sneyd S3708]

A relation, or rather a true account, of the Island of England; with sundry particulars of the customs of these people… (Camden Society Publications, 37, London 1846) [Sneyd S3708]

Artistic Talent

Taught by the artist William Mulready (RA), Charlotte would paint for her own amusement during long periods away from Keele. Cheverells, Hertfordshire, was a favoured place in which she stayed with her sisters. It was their home from 1830 until 1851, rented from Sir John Saunders Sebright.

Charlotte’s detailed paintings of interiors provide a valuable insight into the domestic and social life of the privileged class in the nineteenth century.

The drawing room at Cheverells, Hertfordshire, c.1840, watercolour by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd [SW 3]

The drawing room at Cheverells, Hertfordshire, c.1840, watercolour by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd [SW 3]

 

As well as landscapes and interiors, Charlotte had a fondness for drawing and painting animals.

Guy the House Dog at Cheverells, Hertfordshire, 1847, watercolour by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd [SW 4]

Guy the House Dog at Cheverells, Hertfordshire, 1847, watercolour by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd [SW 4]

 

The mid nineteenth century saw the physical and social transformation of Keele village from a rural community to a community serving the needs of the Sneyd estate. This is one of the few surviving Sneyd paintings depicting Keele village life.

Watercolour of the Children from Keele village by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, n.d. 
[SW 25]

Children from Keele village by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, n.d.

[SW 25]

Society

Unlike their brothers, Charlotte and her sisters did not embark on the Grand Tour, but travelled widely over Britain, usually staying at notable residences as welcome house guests. 

The Sneyds participated in renowned gatherings at Almack’s Assembly Rooms, a social club in London. Between 1819 and 1820, Charlotte painted an imaginary event at Almack’s, depicting almost 200 people in a panoramic watercolour spanning more than two metres, accompanied by a numbered key.

The Duke of Wellington, who was once refused entry for being improperly dressed, can be seen at number 75, whilst Charlotte’s sisters Harriet and Fanny, chaperoned by their mother, are depicted at numbers 50 and 52.

Extracts from the Panorama at Almack’s, watercolour by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, 1819-1820, measuring 25cm x 228cm [Sneyd Papers]

Extracts from the Panorama at Almack’s, watercolour by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, 1819-1820, measuring 25cm x 228cm [Sneyd Papers]

Extracts from the Panorama at Almack’s, watercolour by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, 1819-1820, measuring 25cm x 228cm [Sneyd Papers]

An English Grammar

An important addition to the Archives is a recently discovered illustrated manuscript produced by Charlotte in middle age. This charming manuscript comprises fourteen original pen and ink drawings, offering a satiric view of gender roles in Victorian England in the form of a prospectus of English grammar.

Tenses of verbs are illustrated by scenes of social aspiration and disaster, with many of the drawings following an unmarried middle-aged woman’s thoughts as she contemplates who she was, is, and will be - no doubt based on Charlotte herself.

Drawings from Illustrations of the Auxillary [sic] Verbs To Be and To Have; Being a Prospectus of an English Grammar on an Entirely New System, by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, c.1845 [SP 26]

Drawings from Illustrations of the Auxillary [sic] Verbs To Be and To Have; Being a Prospectus of an English Grammar on an Entirely New System, by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, c.1845 [SP 26]

Drawings from Illustrations of the Auxillary [sic] Verbs To Be and To Have; Being a Prospectus of an English Grammar on an Entirely New System, by Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, c.1845 [SP 26]

A Memento

Charlotte did not marry and lived alongside her two unmarried sisters, Harriet and Elizabeth.

By the age of 27, Charlotte displays a degree of sadness at her situation (as well as hope that she may yet meet a suitor) when she saves a lock of her hair, curled and tied with a pink silk ribbon and preserved in a paper wrapper inscribed “my own hair in case anybody should ever wish for any of it”.

The giving and keeping of locks of hair as enduring tokens of love and affection (or as treasured mementos of the deceased) was common throughout the nineteenth century.

 Lock of hair and wrapper, with note, Charlotte Augusta Sneyd, 
25 October 1827 [S3654]

Lock of hair and wrapper, with note, Charlotte Augusta Sneyd,

25 October 1827 [S3654]

 

Charlotte Augusta Sneyd died on 19th February 1882, aged 81, and is buried at Keele. Her only surviving brother, the Reverend Walter Sneyd, was heir and executor.

Charlotte’s love of animals is expressed in this letter to Walter, in which she leaves £10 a year to each of her cats “Blackie, Fluffy and Crumplety as long as they live that they may be as well cared for and fed, as they have been in my life time”. 

Extract from Charlotte Augusta Sneyd to Walter Sneyd, 27 January 1880 [S3519]

Extract from Charlotte Augusta Sneyd to Walter Sneyd, 27 January 1880 [S3519]