AS BAD AS AUSCHWITZ? BRITISH CONCENTRATION CAMPS DURING THE SECOND BOER WAR AND MODERN-DAY EQUIVALENCE TO THE CAMPS OF THE NAZI REGIME

Owen Brown

Abstract

During the Second Anglo-Boer war (1899-1902) in what is present-day South Africa, the British Army founded a series of refugee and internment camps, often pointed to as the first modern concentration camps. Although the overwhelming number of casualties stemmed from malnutrition and disease due to neglect, there is a modern tendency to view these places as the first death camps, comparable to those erected by the Nazi regime some 40 years later. This presentation will seek to assess the validity of this comparison, furthermore to examine the state of the British concentration camp in relation to the modern world.