Biography

I moved to Keele University in 2016 to take up the position of Professor of Medical Statistics within the School of Primary, Social and Community Care. Prior to this for just over nine years I was Director of the Postgraduate Statistics Centre at Lancaster University.

I completed an MSc in Medical Statistics at Leicester University in 1986. My first appointment was as a Medical Statistician at Christie Hospital NHS Trust in Manchester. I moved to the University of Manchester Centre for Cancer Epidemiology two years later, at a time when the new cervical and breast screening programmes were being introduced around the region. I returned to full time study in 1993 and completed a PhD in Applied Statistics at Lancaster University in 1998. The same year I took up a lectureship in medical statistics at the University of Liverpool where I remained for 9 years. In 2002 I was awarded a Senior Lectureship and became Deputy Director of the Centre for Medical Statistics and Health Evaluation within the Faculty of Health Sciences.

Research and scholarship

My main research interests span epidemiological applications in the field of global child health and clinical trial methodology.  My interest in Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) and other similar measures for use in clinical trials and patient management has led to the development of a series of tools with clinical colleagues (eg. Alder Hey Triage Pain score, EARLI, ADNAT, Synacthen test, CLCF). In 2010 we published the creation of the Malawi Developmental Assessment Tool (MDAT) in PLOS Medicine, which is now used in over 10 countries world-wide by international researchers including the World Bank. This led to an invitation by the World Health Organisation to collaborate in creating the indicators of Infant and Young Child Development (IYCD) tool for use in Low and Middle Income settings, now trialled in 3 countries. We are currently developing the Global Scales of Early Development (GSED) tool as part of another WHO-led initiative, for use in population monitoring and programmatic evaluation.

My methodological interests relate to evaluating the psychometric properties of these tools and include Item Response Theory (IRT) analysis and structural equation modelling.

I have always had a keen interest in the use (and mis-use) of pilot and feasibility studies in medical research, which began with a publication of recommendations for good practice in 2004. In 2011 I became a member of an international working group that has published CONSORT extension guidelines for pilot and feasibility trials. As a result of this work a new BMC journal, Pilot and Feasibility Studies, was launched in 2015 and I was invited to be Editor-in-Chief.

Teaching

I was Director of the Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre, a Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning (CETL) for 9 years. I have a keen interest in statistical education research and have published a number of papers on teaching pedagogy including a review of the use of web resources, and personal response systems as teaching strategies. Over the years I have taught on a wide range of courses predominantly but not totally at postgraduate level, have sat on the Scientific Programme Committee for the International Conference on Teaching Statistics (ICOTS) and given many invited talks.

I am a strong advocate of statistics education and capacity building, and have led many successful training initiatives, including an ESRC-funded PhD partnering scheme (3 studentships) with Brazil, PhD research networks with Pakistan, focussed mainly on the analysis of international social survey and census data, and provision of a series of courses to the European Medicines Agency. I have supervised and mentored 11 research associates, 10 PhD/MD students and 10 MSc students, and been external examiner of 4 PhDs and 3 MSc/BSc programmes in medical statistics.

Further information

I have served on a wide range of research review, paediatric ethics, funding, data monitoring and trial steering committees within the NHS. I have been Associate Editor for the Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A (Statistics in Society), served on the Council of the Royal Statistical Society for four years and as Chair of the RSS Primary Health Care Special Interest Group. I am currently joint Editor in Chief of the BMC journal Pilot and Feasibility Studies.

Selected Publications

  • Lancaster GA, McCray G, Kariger P, Dua T, Titman A, Chandna J, McCoy D, Abubakar A, Hamadani JD, Fink G, Tofail F, Gladstone M, Janus M. 2018. Creation of the WHO Indicators of Infant and Young Child Development (IYCD): metadata synthesis across 10 countries. BMJ Glob Health, e000747, vol. 3(5). link> doi>
  • Eldridge SM, Chan CL, Campbell MJ, Bond CM, Hopewell S, Thabane L, Lancaster GA, PAFS consensus group. 2016. CONSORT 2010 statement: extension to randomised pilot and feasibility trials. BMJ, i5239, vol. 355. link> doi> link> full text>
  • Eldridge SM, Lancaster GA, Campbell MJ, Thabane L, Hopewell S, Coleman CL, Bond CM. 2016. Defining Feasibility and Pilot Studies in Preparation for Randomised Controlled Trials: Development of a Conceptual Framework. PLoS One, e0150205, vol. 11(3). link> doi> full text>
  • Lancaster GA, Campbell MJ, Eldridge S, Farrin A, Marchant M, Muller S, Perera R, Peters TJ, Prevost AT, Rait G. 2010. Trials in primary care: statistical issues in the design, conduct and evaluation of complex interventions. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 349-377, vol. 19(4). link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA. 2009. Statistical issues in the assessment of health outcomes in children: a methodological review. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY, 707-727, vol. 172. link> doi>

Full Publications Listshow

Books

  • Fakis A, Lancaster G, Hill J. 2010. The effect of antisocial behavior in boys aged 5 to 7 years old: a structural equation modelling approach. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.

Journal Articles

  • Khan MIU, Mbuagbaw L, Holek M, Bdair F, Durrani ZH, Mellor K, Eddy S, Eldridge SM, Chan CL, Campbell MJ, Bond CM, Hopewell S, Lancaster GA, Thabane L. 2021. Transparency of informed consent in pilot and feasibility studies is inadequate: a single-center quality assurance study. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 96, vol. 7(1). link> doi> full text>
  • Lewis M, Bromley K, Sutton CJ, McCray G, Myers HL, Lancaster GA. 2021. Determining sample size for progression criteria for pragmatic pilot RCTs: the hypothesis test strikes back!. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 40, vol. 7(1). link> doi> full text>
  • Titman A, Price V, Hawcutt D, Chesters C, Ali M, Cacace G, Lancaster GA, Peak M, Blair JC. 2020. Salivary cortisol, cortisone and serum cortisol concentrations are related to age and body mass index in healthy children and young people. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf), 572-578, vol. 93(5). link> doi>
  • Campbell MJ, Mansournia MA, Lancaster G. 2020. Methods matter: pilot and feasibility studies in sports medicine. Br J Sports Med, 1309-1310, vol. 54(22). link> doi>
  • Scott DIC, McCray DG, Lancaster PG, Foster PNE, Hill DJC. 2020. Validation of the Musculoskeletal Health Questionnaire (MSK-HQ) in primary care patients with musculoskeletal pain. Semin Arthritis Rheum, 813-820, vol. 50(5). link> doi> full text>
  • Khan MI, Holek M, Bdair F, Mbuagbaw L, Eldridge SM, Chan CL, Campbell MJ, Bond CM, Hopewell S, Lancaster GA, Thabane L. 2020. Assessing the transparency of informed consent in feasibility and pilot studies: a single-centre quality assurance study protocol. BMJ Open, e036226, vol. 10(6). link> doi> full text>
  • Lancaster GA and Thabane L. 2019. Guidelines for reporting non-randomised pilot and feasibility studies. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 114, vol. 5. link> doi> link> full text>
  • Rozi S, Lancaster G, Mahmud S, Butt ZA, Roome T, Zahid N. 2019. A Systematic Review of Observational Studies, Demonstrating Smoking among School Going Adolescents. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 173-189, vol. 9(2). doi> link> full text>
  • Thabane L and Lancaster G. 2019. A guide to the reporting of protocols of pilot and feasibility trials. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 37, vol. 5. link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA, McCray G, Kariger P, Dua T, Titman A, Chandna J, McCoy D, Abubakar A, Hamadani JD, Fink G, Tofail F, Gladstone M, Janus M. 2018. Creation of the WHO Indicators of Infant and Young Child Development (IYCD): metadata synthesis across 10 countries. BMJ Glob Health, e000747, vol. 3(5). link> doi>
  • Campbell MJ, Lancaster GA, Eldridge SM. 2018. A randomised controlled trial is not a pilot trial simply because it uses a surrogate endpoint. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 130, vol. 4. link> doi> full text>
  • Thabane L and Lancaster G. 2018. Improving the efficiency of trials using innovative pilot designs: the next phase in the conduct and reporting of pilot and feasibility studies. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 14, vol. 4. link> doi> full text>
  • Ghaneh P, Hanson R, Titman A, Lancaster G, Plumpton C, Lloyd-Williams H, Yeo ST, Edwards RT, Johnson C, Abu Hilal M, Higginson AP, Armstrong T, Smith A, Scarsbrook A, McKay C, Carter R, Sutcliffe RP, Bramhall S, Kocher HM, Cunningham D, Pereira SP, Davidson B, Chang D, Khan S, Zealley I, Sarker D, Al Sarireh B, Charnley R, Lobo D, Nicolson M, Halloran C, Raraty M, Sutton R, Vinjamuri S, Evans J, Campbell F, Deeks J, Sanghera B, Wong W-L, Neoptolemos JP. 2018. PET-PANC: multicentre prospective diagnostic accuracy and health economic analysis study of the impact of combined modality 18fluorine-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography with computed tomography scanning in the diagnosis and management of pancreatic cancer. Health Technol Assess, 1-114, vol. 22(7). link> doi> full text>
  • McCulloch P, Feinberg J, Philippou Y, Kolias A, Kehoe S, Lancaster G, Donovan J, Petrinic T, Agha R, Pennell C. 2018. Progress in clinical research in surgery and IDEAL. Lancet, 88-94, vol. 392(10141). link> doi> full text>
  • Horne E, Lancaster GA, Matson R, Cooper A, Ness A, Leary S. 2018. Pilot trials in physical activity journals: a review of reporting and editorial policy. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 125, vol. 4. link> doi> full text>
  • Pundir J, Kovoor E, Lancaster G, Smith PB. 2018. Author's Reply. J Minim Invasive Gynecol, 341-342, vol. 25(2). link> doi>
  • McCray GPJ, Titman AC, Ghaneh P, Lancaster GA. 2017. Sample size re-estimation in paired comparative diagnostic accuracy studies with a binary response. BMC Med Res Methodol, 102, vol. 17(1). link> doi> link> full text>
  • Cooper H, Lancaster GA, Gichuru P, Peak M. 2018. A mixed methods study to evaluate the feasibility of using the Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool App in paediatric diabetes care in preparation for a longitudinal cohort study. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 13, vol. 4. link> doi> full text>
  • Pundir J, Omanwa K, Kovoor E, Pundir V, Lancaster G, Barton-Smith P. 2017. Laparoscopic Excision Versus Ablation for Endometriosis-associated Pain: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Minim Invasive Gynecol, 747-756, vol. 24(5). link> doi> full text>
  • Rozi S, Mahmud S, Lancaster G, Hadden W, Pappas G. 2017. Multilevel Modeling of Binary Outcomes with Three-Level Complex Health Survey Data. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 27-43, vol. 07(01). doi> link> full text>
  • Eldridge SM, Chan CL, Campbell MJ, Bond CM, Hopewell S, Thabane L, Lancaster GA, PAFS consensus group. 2016. CONSORT 2010 statement: extension to randomised pilot and feasibility trials. BMJ, i5239, vol. 355. link> doi> link> full text>
  • Eldridge SM, Chan CL, Campbell MJ, Bond CM, Hopewell S, Thabane L, Lancaster GA, PAFS consensus group. 2016. CONSORT 2010 statement: extension to randomised pilot and feasibility trials. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 64, vol. 2(64). link> doi> link> full text>
  • Titman AC, Lancaster GA, Colver AF. 2016. Item response theory and structural equation modelling for ordinal data: Describing the relationship between KIDSCREEN and Life-H. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 1892-1924, vol. 25(5). link> doi>
  • Rozi S, Mahmud S, Lancaster GA, Zahid N. 2016. Peer pressure and family smoking habits influence smoking uptake in male adolescents attending public and private schools in Pakistan: multilevel modelling of survey data. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 167-172, vol. 6. doi> full text>
  • Thabane L, Hopewell S, Lancaster GA, Bond CM, Coleman CL, Campbell MJ, Eldridge SM. 2016. Erratum to: Methods and processes for development of a CONSORT extension for reporting pilot randomized controlled trials. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 35, vol. 2. link> doi> full text>
  • Eldridge SM, Costelloe CE, Kahan BC, Lancaster GA, Kerry SM. 2016. How big should the pilot study for my cluster randomised trial be?. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 1039-1056, vol. 25(3). link> doi>
  • Thabane L, Hopewell S, Lancaster GA, Bond CM, Coleman CL, Campbell MJ, Eldridge SM. 2016. Methods and processes for development of a CONSORT extension for reporting pilot randomized controlled trials. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 25, vol. 2. link> doi> full text>
  • Pundir V, Pundir J, Lancaster G, Baer S, Kirkland P, Cornet M, Lourijsen ES, Georgalas C, Fokkens WJ. 2016. Role of corticosteroids in Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery--a systematic review and meta-analysis. Rhinology, 3-19, vol. 54(1). link> doi>
  • Eldridge SM, Lancaster GA, Campbell MJ, Thabane L, Hopewell S, Coleman CL, Bond CM. 2016. Defining Feasibility and Pilot Studies in Preparation for Randomised Controlled Trials: Development of a Conceptual Framework. PLoS One, e0150205, vol. 11(3). link> doi> full text>
  • Pundir V, Pundir J, Lancaster G, Baer S, Kirkland P, Cornet M, Lourijsen ES, Georgalas C, Fokkens WJ. 2016. Role of corticosteroids in Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery - a systematic review and meta-analysis. RHINOLOGY, 3-19, vol. 54(1). link> doi>
  • Titman A, Lancaster GA, Colver A. 2016. Comparison of two ordinal rating scales using Structural Equation Modelling and Item Response Theory: Kidscreen and Life-H. Statistical Methods in Medical Research. doi>
  • Totsika V, Hastings RP, Emerson E, Berridge DM, Lancaster GA. 2015. Prosocial skills in young children with autism, and their mothers' psychological well-being: Longitudinal relationships. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 25-31, vol. 13-14. link> doi> link>
  • Lancaster GA. 2015. Pilot and feasibility studies come of age!. Pilot Feasibility Stud, 1, vol. 1(1). link> doi>
  • Kayani SI, Joo Tan M, Shaw NJ, Dewhurst C, Titman A, Lancaster G, Alfirevic Z. 2014. Two-year outcomes for infants with low cord pH at birth. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 1010-1014, vol. 27(10). link> doi>
  • Blair J, Lancaster G, Titman A, Peak M, Newlands P, Collingwood C, Chesters C, Moorcroft T, Wallin N, Hawcutt D, Gardner C, Didi M, Lacy D, Couriel J. 2014. Early morning salivary cortisol and cortisone, and adrenal responses to a simplified low-dose short Synacthen test in children with asthma. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf), 376-383, vol. 80(3). link> doi> link>
  • Cooper H, Spencer J, Lancaster GA, Titman A, Johnson M, Wheeler SL, Lwin R. 2014. Development and psychometric testing of the online Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool (ADNAT). Journal of Advanced Nursing, 454-468, vol. 70(2). link> doi>
  • Titman AC, Lancaster GA, Colver AF. 2013. Item response theory and structural equation modelling for ordinal data: Describing the relationship between KIDSCREEN and Life-H. Statistical methods in medical research. doi>
  • Totsika V, Hastings RP, Emerson E, Lancaster GA, Berridge DM, Vagenas D. 2013. Is there a bidirectional relationship between maternal well-being and child behavior problems in autism spectrum disorders? Longitudinal analysis of a population-defined sample of young children. Autism Research, 201-211, vol. 6(3). link> doi>
  • Pundir J, Pundir V, Walavalkar R, Omanwa K, Lancaster G, Kayani S. 2013. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic vs abdominal and laparoscopic myomectomy: systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, 335-345, vol. 20(3). link> doi>
  • Tishkovskaya S and Lancaster GA. 2012. Statistical Education in the 21st Century: a Review of Challenges, Teaching Innovations and Strategies for Reform. Journal of Statistics Education. link>
  • Whittington R, Leitner M, Barr W, Lancaster G, McGuire J. 2012. Longitudinal trends in using physical interventions to manage aggression and self-harm in mental health services. Psychiatr Serv, 488-492, vol. 63(5). link> doi>
  • Cooper H, Spencer J, Lancaster GA, Johnson M, Lwin R. 2012. Perceptions of the clinical usefulness of the Adolescent Diabetes Needs Assessment Tool. Diabetes Care for Children and Young People, 55-61, vol. 1(2). link>
  • Totsika V, Hastings RP, Emerson E, Berridge DM, Lancaster GA. 2011. Behavior problems at 5 years of age and maternal mental health in autism and intellectual disability. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 1137-1147, vol. 39(8). link> doi>
  • Shahtahmasebi S, Emerson E, Berridge D, Lancaster G. 2011. Child Disability and the Dynamics of Family Poverty, Hardship and Financial Strain: Evidence from the UK. Journal of Social Policy, 653-673, vol. 40. link> doi>
  • Totsika V, Hastings RP, Emerson E, Lancaster GA, Berridge DM. 2011. A population-based investigation of behavioural and emotional problems and maternal mental health: associations with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 91-99, vol. 52(1). link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA. 2011. How statistical literacy, official statistics and self-directed learning shaped social enquiry in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Statistical Journal of the IAOS, 99-111, vol. 27(3-4). doi>
  • Titman AC and Lancaster GA. 2011. Personal Response Systems for Teaching Postgraduate Statistics to Small Groups. Journal of Statistics Education, vol. 19(2). link>
  • Emerson E, Shahtahmasebi S, Lancaster G, Berridge D. 2010. Poverty transitions among families supporting a child with intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability, 224-234, vol. 35(4). link> doi> link>
  • Titman AC, Lancaster GA, Carmichael K, Scutt D. 2010. Accounting for bias due to a non-ignorable tracing mechanism in a retrospective breast cancer cohort study. Statistics in Medicine, 324-334, vol. 30(4). link> doi>
  • Shahtahmasebi S, Emerson E, Berridge D, Lancaster GA. 2010. A longitudinal analysis of poverty among families supporting a child with a disability. International Journal of Disability and Human Development, 65-75, vol. 9(1). doi> link>
  • Emerson E, Shahtahmasebi S, Lancaster G, Berridge D. 2010. Poverty transitions among families supporting a child with intellectual disability *. J Intellect Dev Disabil. link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA, Campbell MJ, Eldridge S, Farrin A, Marchant M, Muller S, Perera R, Peters TJ, Prevost AT, Rait G. 2010. Trials in primary care: statistical issues in the design, conduct and evaluation of complex interventions. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 349-377, vol. 19(4). link> doi>
  • Arain M, Campbell MJ, Cooper CL, Lancaster GA. 2010. What is a pilot or feasibility study? A review of current practice and editorial policy. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 67, vol. 10. link> doi> link> full text>
  • Gladstone M, Lancaster GA, Umar E, Nyirenda M, Kayira E, van den Broek NR, Smyth RL. 2010. The Malawi Developmental Assessment Tool (MDAT): the creation, validation, and reliability of a tool to assess child development in rural African settings. PLoS Med, e1000273, vol. 7(5). link> doi>
  • Gladstone M, Lancaster G, Umar E, Nyirenda M, Kayira E, van den Broek N, Smyth RL. 2010. Perspectives of normal child development in rural Malawi - a qualitative analysis to create a more culturally appropriate developmental assessment tool. Child: Care, Health and Development, 346-353, vol. 36(3). link> doi> link>
  • Shahtahmasebi S, Emerson E, Berridge D, Lancaster G. 2009. Child disability, parental self-rated health and food security: A multivariate cross-sectional analysis. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON DISABILITY AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, 417-434, vol. 8(4). link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA. 2009. Statistical issues in the assessment of health outcomes in children: a methodological review. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY, 707-727, vol. 172. link> doi>
  • Morriss RK, van der Gucht E, Lancaster G, Bentall RP. 2009. Adult attachment in bipolar 1 disorder. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 267-277, vol. 82(Pt 3). link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA, Francis B, Allen R. 2009. Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre - creating enterprise and innovation in teaching statistics across disciplines. MSOR Connections, vol. 9(1).
  • Van der Gucht E, Morriss R, Lancaster G, Kinderman P, Bentall RP. 2009. Psychological processes in bipolar affective disorder: negative cognitive style and reward processing. British Journal of Psychiatry -Supplement-, 146-151, vol. 194(2). link> doi> link>
  • Lancaster GA, Whittington R, Lane S, Riley D, Meehan C. 2008. Does the position of restraint of disturbed psychiatric patients have any association with staff and patient injuries?. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 306-312, vol. 15(4). link> doi>
  • Lyon D, Lancaster G, Dowrick C. 2008. A case of response rate success. Journal of Integrated Care, 29-32, vol. 16. doi>
  • Gladstone MJ, Lancaster GA, Jones AP, Maleta K, Mtitimila E, Ashorn P, Smyth RL. 2008. Can Western developmental screening tools be modified for use in a rural Malawian setting?. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 23-29, vol. 93(1). link> doi>
  • Hill J, Fonagy P, Lancaster G, Broyden N. 2007. Aggression and intentionality in narrative responses to conflict and distress story stems: an investigation of boys with disruptive behaviour problems. Attachment and Human Development, 223-237, vol. 9(3). link> doi>
  • Lancaster G, Rollinson L, Hill J. 2007. The measurement of a major childhood risk for depression: comparison of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) 'Parental Care' and the Childhood Experience of Care and Abuse (CECA) 'Parental Neglect'. Journal of Affective Disorders, 263-267, vol. 101(1-3). link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA, Chellaswamy H, Taylor S, Lyon D, Dowrick C. 2007. Design of a clustered observational study to predict emergency admissions in the elderly: statistical reasoning in clinical practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 169-178, vol. 13(2). link> doi> link>
  • Glasscoe C, Lancaster GA, Smyth RL, Hill J. 2007. Parental depression following the early diagnosis of cystic fibrosis: a matched, prospective study. The Journal of Pediatrics, 185-191, vol. 150(2). link> doi> link>
  • Lyon D, Lancaster GA, Taylor S, Dowrick C, Chellaswamy H. 2007. Predicting the likelihood of emergency admission to hospital of older people: development and validation of the Emergency Admission Risk Likelihood Index (EARLI). Fam Pract, 158-167, vol. 24(2). link> doi> link>
  • Lancaster GA, Green M, Lane S. 2006. Linkage of survey data with district-level lung cancer registrations: a method of bias reduction in ecological studies. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 1093-1098, vol. 60(12). link> doi>
  • Latchford A, Greenhalf W, Vitone LJ, Neoptolemos JP, Lancaster GA, Phillips RKS. 2006. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and screening for pancreatic cancer. British Journal of Surgery, 1446-1455, vol. 93(12). link> doi> link>
  • Lancaster GA, Green M, Lane S. 2006. Reducing bias in ecological studies: an evaluation of different methodologies. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY, 681-700, vol. 169. link> doi> link>
  • Whittington R, Lancaster G, Meehan C, Lane S, Riley D. 2006. Physical restraint of patients in acute mental health care settings: patient, staff, and environmental factors associated with the use of a horizontal restraint position. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY & PSYCHOLOGY, 253-265, vol. 17(2). link> doi> link>
  • Dodd SR, Lancaster GA, Craig JV, Smyth RL, Williamson PR. 2006. In a systematic review, infrared ear thermometry for fever diagnosis in children finds poor sensitivity. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 354-357, vol. 59(4). link> doi> link>
  • Scutt D, Lancaster GA, Manning JT. 2006. Breast asymmetry and predisposition to breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research, R14, vol. 8(2). link> doi> full text>
  • Riley D, Meehan C, Whittington R, Lancaster GA, Lane S. 2006. Examination of factors influencing patient restraint position in psychiatric inpatient service. Nursing Times, 42-45, vol. 102(3).
  • Yan L, McFaul C, Howes N, Leslie J, Lancaster G, Wong T, Threadgold J, Evans J, Gilmore I, Smart H, Lombard M, Neoptolemos J, Greenhalf W. 2005. Molecular analysis to detect pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in high-risk groups. Gastroenterology, 2124-2130, vol. 128(7). link> doi> link>
  • Elphick HE, Lancaster GA, Solis A, Majumdar A, Gupta R, Smyth RL. 2004. Validity and reliability of acoustic analysis of respiratory sounds in infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 1059-1063, vol. 89(11). link> doi> link>
  • Cleary AG, Lancaster GA, Annan F, Sills JA, Davidson JE. 2004. Nutritional impairment in juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Rheumatology (Oxford), 1569-1573, vol. 43(12). link> doi>
  • Stewart B, Lancaster G, Lawson J, Williams K, Daly J. 2004. Validation of the Alder Hey Triage Pain Score. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 625-630, vol. 89(7). link> doi> link>
  • Lancaster GA, Dodd S, Williamson PR. 2004. Design and analysis of pilot studies: recommendations for good practice. J Eval Clin Pract, 307-312, vol. 10(2). link> doi>
  • Williamson PR and Lancaster GA. 2004. Statistical Education for PhD Students in UK Medical Schools. Statistics Education Research Journal, 72-79, vol. 3(1). link>
  • Craig JV, Lancaster GA, Taylor S, Williamson PR, Smyth RL. 2002. Infrared ear thermometers versus rectal thermometers - Reply. LANCET, 1881-1882, vol. 360(9348). link> doi>
  • Gatrell A, Lancaster G, Chapple A, Horsley S, Smith M. 2002. Variations in use of tertiary cardiac services in part of North-West England. Health and Place, 147-153, vol. 8(3). link> doi> link>
  • Craig JV, Lancaster GA, Taylor S, Williamson PR, Smyth RL. 2002. Infrared ear thermometry compared with rectal thermometry in children: a systematic review. Lancet, 603-609, vol. 360(9333). link> doi>
  • Williamson PR, Lancaster GA, Craig JV, Smyth RL. 2002. Meta-analysis of method comparison studies. Stat Med, 2013-2025, vol. 21(14). link> doi>
  • Lancaster G and Green M. 2002. Deprivation, ill-health and the ecological fallacy. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES A-STATISTICS IN SOCIETY, 263-278, vol. 165. link> doi> link>
  • Lancaster G and Green M. 2002. Latent variable techniques for categorical data. STATISTICS AND COMPUTING, 153-161, vol. 12(2). link> doi>
  • Farrell M, Devine K, Lancaster G, Judd B. 2002. A method comparison study to assess the reliability of urine collection pads as a means of obtaining urine specimens from non-toilet-trained children for microbiological examination. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 387-393, vol. 37(4). link> doi>
  • Craig JV, Lancaster GA, Williamson PR, Smyth RL. 2000. Temperature measured at the axilla compared with rectum in children and young people: systematic review. BMJ, 1174-1178, vol. 320(7243). link> doi>
  • Hoare T and Lancaster GA. 1999. Intention to treat analysis in population based screening interventions. BMJ. link>
  • Hollis S and Campbell F. 1999. What is meant by intention to treat analysis? Survey of published randomised controlled trials. BMJ, 670-674, vol. 319(7211). doi>
  • Lancaster G, Moran T, Woodman C. 1994. Towards achieving the Health of the nation target for cervical cancer: accuracy of cancer registration. Journal of Public Health, 50-52, vol. 16(1). link> doi>
  • Clyma JA and Lancaster G. 1993. Computer aided diagnosis of abdominal pain: implementation difficulties in the North Western Region. Arch Emerg Med, 314-320, vol. 10(4). link>
  • Lancaster GA and Elton P. 1992. Does the offer of cervical screening with breast screening encourage older women to have a cervical smear test?. J Epidemiol Community Health, 523-527, vol. 46(5). link> doi>
  • Elkind A, Eardley A, Lancaster GA. 1990. A package to measure consumer satisfaction with breast screening. Dept of Epidemiology and Social Oncology.
  • Ribeiro GG, Dunn G, Swindell R, Harris M, Banerjee SS. 1990. Conservation of the breast using two different radiotherapy techniques: Interim report of a clinical trial. Clinical Oncology, 27-34, vol. 2(1). link> doi>
  • Lancaster GA. 1990. Made to measure survey. Health Service Journal, 1773, vol. 100.
  • Radford JA, Cowan RA, Flanagan M, Dunn G, Crowther D, Johnson RJ, Eddleston B. 1988. The significance of residual mediastinal abnormality on the chest radiograph following treatment for Hodgkin's disease. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 940-946, vol. 6(6). link> doi>

Chapters

  • Lancaster G and Mccray G. 2019. Using evidence from quantitative studies. In Evidence-based practice manual for nurses, 4th edition. (4th ed.). Elsevier.
  • Li G, Lancaster G, Thabane L. 2019. Users’ guide to the surgical literature: How to assess a pilot trial in surgery. In Evidence-based surgery: understanding and interpreting the surgical literature. Springer. doi>
  • Lancaster G. 2011. Chapter 5: Using evidence from quantitative studies. In Evidence-based practice manual for nurses, 3rd edition. Elsevier.

Other

  • Scott IC, McCray G, Lancaster G, Foster NE, Hill JC. 2020. VALIDATION OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE (MSK-HQ) IN PATIENTS WITH MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN IN PRIMARY CARE. RHEUMATOLOGY (vol. 59). link>
  • Lewis M, Bromley K, McCray G, Sutton C, Lancaster G. 2019. Determining sample size for progression criteria using hypothesis testing in pragmatic pilot RCTs. TRIALS (vol. 20). link>
  • Mccray G, Lewis M, Bromley K, Lancaster G. 2019. Effect-based traffic light progression criteria for pilot studies. TRIALS (vol. 20). link>
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