Our Equipment

Teaching within the School of Geography, Geology and the Environment and research within the Geography, Geology and Environment Research Centre is supported by the availability of a wide range of analytical instruments from handheld spectrophotometers and X-ray fluorescence to laboratory-based gas chromatographs, a range of microscopes, particle size analyser, organic elemental analysers and ICP-OES and ICP-MS. These instruments are routinely used for research purposes at Keele University under funding from NERC, ERDF, Environment Agency, Royal Society of Chemistry, etc.; however, we do offer sample analysis service for outside universities, consultancies and government and non-government organizations.

Laboratory equipment list

GGE's Lachat Analyser

The Lachat QuickChem 8500 series Flow Injection Analyser (FIA) system is designed for the analysis of nitrate, nitrite, and ammonium in soil/waste extracts or water.

Fully automated with an auto sampler, the throughput is high (~90 sec/sample).

The analysis is colorimetric, where the target species react with selected reagents producing a specific colour. The intensity of the colour produced is proportional to the concentration of the ion of interest.

Contact: Adam Jeffery

The Agilent GC7890A series for greenhouse gas (GHG) analysis is designed for the measurement of ambient atmospheric concentrations of methane, nitrous oxide and carbon dioxide gases.

This GC is custom-designed to first purge out oxygen and then separate methane, carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide through packed columns within a single sample.

Methane is eluted first from the columns and is directed to a flame ionization detector (FID), followed by carbon dioxide, which is directed to a methanizer column and then to FID. The eluted nitrous oxide is directed to an electron capture detector (ECD) for concentration measurement.

The GC is equipped with software for data acquisition and handling.

Contact: Adam Jeffery

The Flash2000 series organic elemental analyser at Keele is capable of analysing carbon, nitrogen, sulphur, hydrogen and oxygen in solid media.

Samples weighed into tin capsules are introduced into the flash combustion chamber (~1000 0C) by an auto-sampler. The carbon, nitrogen, sulphur and hydrogen in the samples are combusted to elemental gases, which are then directed to a separation column for elution into a thermal conductivity detector (TCD) for concentration measurement.

The analyser is operated in a pyrolysis mode for oxygen concentration measurments.

Contact: Adam Jeffery

Coulter Particle Sizer

The laser diffraction particle analyser is capable of analysing particle sizes with a resolution of 0.04 µm to 2000 µm.

The analysis is supported by software capable of analysing the data for size (% weight & distribution), among others, with high reproducibility and accuracy.

Contact : Adam Jeffery

Two Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) machines equipped with Mass Spectrometry and Optical Emission Spectroscopy modules offer an excellent choice for elemental analysis in environmental media including soil, water, wastes, biota, etc. with high precision and accuracy from ppm to ppb and even ppt level detection capabilities.

Atomization of the analyte of interest is undertaken in plasma (6000 to 800 oC) and the resulting emissions are detected by a mass spectrometer (MS module) or optically (OES module).

Contact: Adam Jeffery

 Dionex Ion Chromatagraph

Contact: Adam Jeffery

Niton XRF

The NITON XL3 Analyzer is a single unit, hand held, high performance portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental analyzer.

Further Information, including booking of the XRF can be found here.

Hitachi TM3000 SEM

The TM3000 is a true desk-top SEM capable of magnifying up to 30,000X. It has the advantage of being capable of viewing un-coated specimens - though that can limit the magnification.

In addition it also has a Bruker EDX analytical system attached thus enabling whole area analysis, spot analysis, line profiles and image-mapping.

Further information, including booking instructions can be found here.

Horiba Aqualog

Horiba Scientific Aqualog-UV-800-C for florescence analysis in water samples

Contact: GGE Tech Team

Las Gatos Research Liquid Water Isotope Analyzer

Las Gatos Research Liquid Water Isotope Analyzer 24d for High precision water isotopes analysis

Contact: GGE Tech Team

Labconco FreeZone 2.5 Litre -50C Benchtop Freeze Dryer

The Labconco FreeZone Benchtop Freeze Dryer is capable of reaching temperatures of -50C under vacuum, removing moisture from samples in preperation for testing or long term storage. 

Contact: GGE Tech Team

 

 

Biotek Cytation 1 Plate Reader and Imager

The Cytation 1 Is a poweful plate reader and imager that combines fluorescence and high contrast brightfield imaging to produce high quality images of samples. The software allows the user to take measurements of their samples, and can automatically count the number of objects that meet the users parameters. 

 

Contact: GGE Tech Team

Geophysics & surveying equipment list

FLUKE TIR125 | Fluke TIR125 Thermal Imaging Camera, Temp Range: -20 → +150  °C 160 x 120pixel Detector Resolution | RS Components

The Fluke TiR125 Thermal Imager is comercially used for building diagnostics; detecting air leaks, hidden moisture, construction defects and heat loss, etc. This thermal imaging camera is widely used in research pertaining to geophysics and forensic entomology.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

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Collects 2D vertical site transects using set central frequency transmitter/receiver antenna, available are 250 MHz, 500 MHz and 1000 MHz on cart configuration. Ability to view buried object location/approx. sizes in real time and can create 3D datacubes post-data processing.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video: GPR with Dr. Jamie Pringle

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Collects apparent resistivity readings over sampled area (can change probe spacings/configurations to collect multiple readings/depths), which can be processed for either 2D lines or 3D surface grids, but depth limited.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video: Resistivity with Dr. Jamie Pringle

EM31 used by student

Used to measure relatively small conductivity (quadrature) and magnetic susceptibility (inphase) changes in ground and surrounding environment, typically up to 10m bgl in good conditions but relatively poor resolution (3.6m separated transmitter/receiver coils).

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video: Bulk Ground Conductivity with Dr. Jamie Pringle

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Used to collect dense data point clouds (can colour points with RGB from instrument camera) over scanned area, converts to DTM or can interrogate later for surface depression/elevation areas etc.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video : Surveying with Dr. Jamie Pringle

Leica Total Station Canal

Collects single points using reflector/reflectorless to accurately (~mm) survey specified site points. Useful to convert site to real-world co-ordinates.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video : Surveying with Dr. Jamie Pringle

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Used to generate 2D vertical resistivity slices over specified area to characterise object size/depth up to 50m bgl. Produces high quality data but not suitable for initial surveying because of it's set up time.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video: ERT with Dr. Jamie Pringle

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Actually conductivity meters, can detect metallic objects up to 1m bgl in good conditions with careful coverage over survey sites.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video: Metal Detectors with Dr. Jamie Pringle

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Very sensitive to near-surface magnetic anomalies (depth limited to few metres), careful calibration and data collection required, and can be affected by above-ground metallic interference.

Contact: Jamie Pringle / Luke Hobson

Video: Magnetic Gradiometry with Dr. Jamie Pringle

 


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*Accreditation is dependent on the degree route and modules taken