Dr Craig D. Adam

Title:
Phone: (+44) 01782 7 33854
Email: c.d.adam@keele.ac.uk
Location: Lennard-Jones 1.47
Role:
Contacting me: Call into my office or use e-mail contact
Adam_Craig

I graduated with BSc(Hons) in physics from Edinburgh University in 1976 and DPhil from the Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford University in 1979. My doctoral work there utilised ENDOR spectroscopy to study atomic magnetism in solids. I then worked for seven years at Unilever Research, Port Sunlight Laboratory, in the area of x-ray scattering (both small and wide angle) from a wide range of materials from minerals to micellar systems.

A transition back to academic work followed through a lectureship in physics at Staffordshire University where I became head of physics in 1995, then head of natural sciences (chemistry, geology and physics) in 1998. In this role I led the initial development of forensic science degrees at Staffordshire.

In 2001 I joined the academic staff at Keele where I was director of undergraduate studies in physics before committing myself principally to forensic science from 2004. I was the course director for forensic science from to 2012 - 2015.

I have written two textbooks, both for Wiley: Essential Mathematics and Statistics for Forensic Science was published in 2010 and Forensic Evidence in Court: Evaluation and Scientific Opinion in 2016. I am a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and a Member of the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences.

My original core areas of expertise which lie at the interface between physics and chemistry, are crystallography, materials characterisation, diffraction and spectroscopy, computational physics and simulation.  Over the past ten years or so, the focus of my interests has moved into three distinct application areas within the broad remit of forensic science.

I have developed expertise in the chemical analytical characterisation of forensic evidence and the subsequent application of multivariate statistics to discriminate and individualise forensic materials. More specifically this has included publications on the spectroscopy of inks with a view to establishing the discrimination power of different techniques.

Secondly, I have published studies of the fundamental mechanisms underlying the formation of bloodstains formed from droplets falling under gravity and how the characteristics of these stains are quantitatively related to the droplet impact parameters such as droplet volume, velocity and impact angle.

Thirdly, I have collaborated with colleagues within chemical ecology at Keele, contributing to the statistical analysis of chromatographic data from blowfly cuticle. These studies have linked the life-cycle development of such insects to the chemical changes within the hydrocarbon components within the cuticle thus providing a potential analytical method for measuring the PMI where blowfly eggs are laid on recently deceased remains.

I also have a strong and ongoing interest in the scholarship underpinning the evaluation of forensic evidence, in particular by Bayesian inference, and more general issues within the presentation of forensic evidence to the court.

I am a member of the Chemical Sciences Research Centre within the Natural Sciences Faculty.

Selected Publications

  • Sidwick KL, Johnson AE, Adam CD, Pereira L, Thompson DF. 2017. Use of Liquid Chromatography Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry and Metabonomic Profiling To Differentiate between Normally Slaughtered and Dead on Arrival Poultry Meat. Anal Chem, vol. 89(22), 12131-12136. link> doi> full text>
  • Moore HE, Butcher JB, Adam CD, Day CR, Drijfhout FP. 2016. Age estimation of Calliphora (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larvae using cuticular hydrocarbon analysis and Artificial Neural Networks. Forensic Sci Int, vol. 268, 81-91. link> doi> full text>
  • Adam CD. Forensic Evidence in Court: Evaluation and Scientific Opinion. Wiley. link>
  • Moore HE, Adam CD, Drijfhout FP. 2014. Identifying 1st instar larvae for three forensically important blowfly species using "fingerprint'' cuticular hydrocarbon analysis. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol. 240, 48-53. link> doi>
  • Butcher JB, Moore HE, Day CR, Adam CD, Drijfhout FP. 2013. Artificial Neural Network analysis of hydrocarbon profiles for the ageing of Lucilia sericata for Post Mortem Interval estimation. Forensic Science International, vol. 232(1-3), 25-31. doi>

Full Publications List show

Books

  • Adam CD. Forensic Evidence in Court: Evaluation and Scientific Opinion. Wiley. link>
  • Adam C. 2010. Essential Mathematics and Statistics for Forensic Science. Wiley.

Journal Articles

  • Sidwick KL, Johnson AE, Adam CD, Pereira L, Thompson DF. 2017. Use of Liquid Chromatography Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry and Metabonomic Profiling To Differentiate between Normally Slaughtered and Dead on Arrival Poultry Meat. Anal Chem, vol. 89(22), 12131-12136. link> doi> full text>
  • Moore HE, Butcher JB, Adam CD, Day CR, Drijfhout FP. 2016. Age estimation of Calliphora (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larvae using cuticular hydrocarbon analysis and Artificial Neural Networks. Forensic Sci Int, vol. 268, 81-91. link> doi> full text>
  • Moore HE, Adam CD, Drijfhout FP. 2014. Identifying 1st instar larvae for three forensically important blowfly species using "fingerprint'' cuticular hydrocarbon analysis. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol. 240, 48-53. link> doi>
  • Butcher JB, Moore HE, Day CR, Adam CD, Drijfhout FP. 2013. Artificial Neural Network analysis of hydrocarbon profiles for the ageing of Lucilia sericata for Post Mortem Interval estimation. Forensic Science International, vol. 232(1-3), 25-31. doi>
  • Adam CD. 2013. Experimental and theoretical studies of the spreading of bloodstains on painted surfaces. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol. 229(1-3), 66-74. link> doi>
  • Moore HE, Adam CD, Drijfhout FP. 2013. Potential Use of Hydrocarbons for Aging Lucilia sericata Blowfly Larvae to Establish the Postmortem Interval. JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES, vol. 58(2), 404-412. link> doi>
  • Adam CD. 2012. Fundamental studies of bloodstain formation and characteristics. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol. 219(1-3), 76-87. link> doi>
  • Adam CD. 2008. In situ luminescence spectroscopy with multivariate analysis for the discrimination of black ballpoint pen ink-lines on paper. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol. 182(1-3), 27-34. link> doi>
  • Adam CD, Sherratt SL, Zholobenko VL. 2008. Classification and individualisation of black ballpoint pen inks using principal component analysis of UV-vis absorption spectra. FORENSIC SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, vol. 174(1), 16-25. link> doi>
  • Adam CD. 2003. Atomistic Modelling of the Hydration of CaSO\u4. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 174(1), 141-151. doi>
  • Barnett SJ, Halliwell MA, Crammond NJ, Adam CD, Jackson ARW. 2002. Study of thaumasite and ettringite phases formed in sulfate/blast furnace slag slurries using XRD full pattern fitting. CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES, vol. 24(3-4), 339-346. link> doi>
  • Barnett SJ, Adam CD, Jackson ARW. 2001. An XRPD profile fitting investigation of the solid solution between ettringite, Ca6Al2(SO4)(3)(OH)(12)center dot 26H(2)O, and carbonate ettringite, Ca6Al2(CO3)(3)(OH) (12)center dot 26H(2)O. CEMENT AND CONCRETE RESEARCH, vol. 31(1), 13-17. link> doi>
  • Barnett SJ, Adam CD, Jackson ARW. 2001. An XRPD profile investigation of the solid solution between ettringite, Ca\d6\uA1\d2\u(SO\d4\u)\d3\u(OH)\d12.\u26H\d2\uO and carbonate ettringite, Ca\d6\uA1\d2\u(CO\d3\u)\d3\u(OH)\d12\u.26H\d2\uO. Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 31(1), 13-17.
  • Barnett SJ, Adam CD, Jackson ARW. 2000. Solid solutions between ettringite, Ca6Al2(SO4)(3)(OH)(12)center dot 26H(2)O, and thaumasite, Ca3SiSO4CO3(OH)(6)center dot 12H(2)O. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol. 35(16), 4109-4114. link> doi>
  • Barnett SJ, Adam CD, Jackson ARW, Hywel-Evans PD. 1999. Identification and characterisation of thaumasite by XRPD techniques. CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES, vol. 21(2), 123-128. link> doi>
  • Roome CM and Adam CD. 1995. Crystallite orientation and anisotropic strains in thermally sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings. Biomaterials, vol. 16(9), 691-696. link> doi>
  • MICHOPOULOS Y, ADAM CD, LESLIE M. 1991. ATOM ATOM POTENTIALS AND THE CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE SIMULATION OF LONG LINEAR-CHAIN CARBOXYLIC-ACIDS. MOLECULAR PHYSICS, vol. 72(4), 899-909. link> doi>

Other

  • ROOME CM and ADAM CD. 1995. SYNCHROTRON-RADIATION POWDER DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF THERMALLY DEPOSITED COATINGS OF HYDROXYLAPATITE. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS (vol. 97, pp. 308-311). link> doi>

Level 4

  • CHE-10037 Forensic Analysis
  • CHE-10039 Forensic Science Principles (module leader)
  • CHE-10040 Crime, Science and Investigation (Elective)

Level 5

  • CHE-20010 Criminalistic Methods (module leader)
  • CHE-20019 Crime, Science and Investigation (Elective)
  • CHE-20043 Forensic Document Analysis (module leader)

Level 6

  • CHE-30028 Interpretation, Presentation and Evaluation of Evidence (module leader)
  • CHE-30029 Forensic Science Dissertation
  • CHE-30033 Evaluation of Evidence: Explosives and Arson
  • CHE-30035 Advanced Topics in Forensic Analysis

Level 7

  • CHE-40025 At the Crime Scene and in the Court (module leader)
  • CHE-40026 MSci Independent Project