Species and varieties in the National Collection of Flowering Cherries at

Keele University

Prunus campanulata

Syn: P. cerasoides v. campanulata Koidzumi; Formosan (or Taiwan) Cherry; Bell-flowered Cherry, Kan-hi-zakura (Cold Scarlet Cherry); New Year’s Day Cherry; Scarlet Cold Cherry; or Satsuma Scarlet Cherry

Prunus campanulata

Ingram considered that this cherry has a semi-tropical growth habit – more dependant on rainfall periods than by temperature and day length. In SE Asia, its main growth period is not Spring but late Summer (monsoon period). It is thus more related to Himalayan cherries rather than to Japanese cherries.

P. campanulata comes from the highlands of Taiwan (Formosa) and is also indigenous to the Fuijan (or Fukien), Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, and Zhejiang (or Chekiang) Provinces of mainland China.  It grows wild in the southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan (including Okinawa) but probably not native. It is widely grown in S. Japan.  It has been cultivated since 1800. It was apparently first introduced to the UK by Messrs Saunders of St Albans in 1899 but lost and only reintroduced in 1915 by E. H. Wilson to the Arnold Arboretum in Boston from seeds of a tree in Taiwan.

Small tree 6 to 10 m high with a graceful spreading habit, blackish branches. greenish emergent foliage appears after flowering. Young shoots are glabrous (non-hairy) with medium sized ovate leaves.

RHS Award of Merit 1935.

Location

  • One by the Covert; square H6; compartment 56J; tag 4086; planted 2008.