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What is Open Access?
The Open Access (OA) movement is based on the idea that publicly funded academic research should be made available to the public to ensure the work reaches the widest possible audience.
Open Access research papers are usually made available through online repositories (i.e. online collections of research documents and data), or through academic journals. Repositories can be subject-based online collections or repositories in educational institutions. As research is also published in academic journals, these too have become another source of OA material. Some publishers have created entirely new Open Access journal titles, and many existing high-impact titles have also developed options for authors to make their work OA.
The main point is that through either route, OA material is online and free to any reader at the point of access. Broadly speaking, making material OA on a repository is called the “Green route”, and making material OA through a journal is known as the “Gold Route”.
Many studies have identified the benefits resulting from the growth of OA publishing, including wider readership, more downloads and ultimately more citations for journal papers or research outputs made available under this model.
Why is it important now?
There is now a Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) Policy for OA in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework which states that, to be eligible for submission to the post-2014 REF, authors’ final peer-reviewed manuscripts must have been deposited in an institutional or subject repository on acceptance for publication.
This mainly applies to journal papers and conference papers (with ISSNs), but credit is also given for other types of publications. Although the policy applies to research outputs accepted for publication from the 1 April 2016 onwards, HEFCE have urged institutions to implement it now.
Research Councils and other funding bodies have also recently updated their OA policies. As a condition of funding, grant holders may now be required to make resulting publications OA.
Research Councils UK’s (RCUK) OA policy states that from 1 April 2013 peer reviewed research papers which result from research that is wholly or partially funded by the Research Councils must be published in journals which are compliant with RCUK policy on OA.
To assist with Research Councils UK’s OA policy Keele has received financial support for APCs (RCUK funded papers only) through a block grant to the University for those choosing the Gold OA route (see below). Authors wishing to explore this option should contact Ellie James, Head of Research Support Services or David Amigoni, the Pro-Vice Chancellor for Research and Enterprise.
What are the Open Access options?
What Are The Open Access Options?
The Open Access agenda has not heralded the end of academic journals - far from it. It does not dispense with the long-established processes (e.g. peer-review) around publishing academic work in journals.
However, in meeting the obligations of the post-2014 REF and the OA policy of the funding body which has provided the grant for the research, authors need to ensure their work is made OA through one of the available routes (“Gold” or “Green”).
Green Open Access
In this model, authors publish a copy of their paper in a journal or elsewhere in the traditional way, and then self-archive in an OA repository. For Keele academics, this can be done through the Symplectic publications database, which enables publishing to Keele’s Research Repository. Most publishers will allow the author’s final version to be deposited in this way without any charges (but not usually the final published version as it appears in the journal).
Gold Open Access
Here, authors publish a copy of their research papers in Open Access (or partially OA) peer-reviewed academic journals or conference proceedings. Many publishers levy a so-called Article Processing Charge (APC) for this. Once accepted for publication, the publisher places the final version of your research paper on their website and makes it freely available under a licence. It is important to carefully check any licence agreements that you sign to make sure that you are allowed to deposit the published final version in repositories without restriction.
Keele advocates the Green OA route, please see Keele's Open Access policy, and has put in place staff and resources to help academics in publishing their work in this way. There are some funds available for APCs, however these are limited and will be considered on application from the academic concerned. Please contact Ellie James or David Amigoni.
What do I need to do?
As soon as you have a paper accepted for publication, you must log in to the Publications Database and simply enter the 'date of acceptance' and 'title'. We can then guide you through the process.
If there is no embargo on publication you may deposit your final author version. If there is an embargo you can still deposit and we will ensure the embargo is enforced. If you are unsure about embargoes please either check the Sherpa/Romeo website or contact the team at email@example.com.
Please see the Repository Userguide for more detailed information.
Repository video guides:
Frequently Asked Questions
WHEN DO I NEED TO DEPOSIT?
You should deposit as soon as possible after acceptance, and within 3 months of the acceptance date.
WHAT IS THE FINAL ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPT?
This is the version after peer review, but before the publishers typesetting has been applied.
DO I NEED TO USE KEELE'S REPOSITORY?
No. If your publication is available in a subject based repository then we can use this, but this information still needs to be recorded in Symplectic within 3 months of the acceptance date.
WHAT HAPPENS IF I DON'T COMPLY WITH REF OPEN ACCESS POLICY?
Your article or conference proceeding cannot be submitted to the next REF if it is not deposited on acceptance.
Help and Queries
If you have any queries or require any assistance with issues such as:
- Research funder’s policy
- Journal and/or publisher’s OA options offered
- Whether funding is available from our RCUK grant
- Any conditions placed by publisher on the timed release of work as “Green” OA
- Using the Publications Database
- Keele's Repository
Please contact any of the team on:
Research Support Open Access - firstname.lastname@example.org
Scott McGowan - Research Support Librarian
01782 734506 / email@example.com
Hannah Reidy - Research Support Officer
01782 733588 / firstname.lastname@example.org
Ellie James - Head of Research Support Services
01782 733569 / email@example.com
David Amigoni - Pro Vice Chancellor (Research and Enterprise)
The following links will provide additional information and support:
Publications Database - publications.keele.ac.uk
Keele Repository - eprints.keele.ac.uk
Keele has a ‘Take down policy’ which can be found here.
Sherpa - www.sherpa.ac.uk
Sherpa Romeo - www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo
Sherpa Juliet - www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet
OpenDOAR - www.opendoar.org
HEFCE's Open Access Policy - http://www.hefce.ac.uk/rsrch/oa/Policy/
Jisc Open Access - www.jisc.ac.uk/open-access