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This course provides an opportunity to study the ethical and legal issues that arise in health care and related fields. The course explores the moral problems that those working in these fields face in the course of their work, provides the background for recognising issues that may raise legal liability in these contexts, and reflects the legal and social context in which health care practice is situated.
Teaching is delivered in short intense blocks, enabling those in full-time employment to do the course part-time and fit it around the demands of their work wherever they are based. It is taught by staff from the School of Law and Centre for Professional Ethics, all of whom have research interests in health care law and ethics, and who between them have written a broad range of books and articles in this area. From time to time, expert speakers from outside Keele may also be invited to speak on the course. In addition to outside speakers directly connected to the course, Keele hosts a wide range of seminars, workshops, lectures and visiting fellowships.
Many of these activities are available free of charge to Keele students.
The Medical Ethics and Law teaching team have many years experience of teaching postgraduate applied ethics courses. We are aware of the special problems and challenges which may face mature students and those combining study with full-time work, and therefore we do our utmost to offer a supportive and stimulating environment for learning. Each student is assigned a personal supervisor from the teaching team, whom they can contact for help or advice at any time during the course.
This course aims to deepen students’ understanding of health care ethics and law, and to enhance their ability to think systematically about the moral and legal issues that health care professionals may face in the course of their work. It also aims to provide a foundation for pursuing further study at doctoral level for those interested in doing so.
Undertaking an MA in ethics will not give you an easy list of answers to moral problems. The moral problems worth looking at are all hard – there are no easy answers. What our courses can do is help you to work out answers for yourself, answers that are worth having because they’re based on the best ethical thinking and reasoning we can manage, answers you can justify, to yourself and others. The MA course will give you an introduction to a number of different (rival) moral theories - all of which have their strengths and their weaknesses - as well as providing you with a range of analytical tools with which to assess different ethical claims. It will also help you to communicate ethical arguments to others in a clearer way.
Although ethical issues are rarely out of the headlines, much public 'debate' about ethics in the media is (with occasional honourable exceptions) of very poor quality. It often consists of 'sound-bite' rhetorical assertions followed by counter-assertions, without any real examination of the ethical reasons for either position. Our courses will help you to construct, categorise and criticise different ethical arguments and to spot common fallacies. As well as introducing you to arguments that others have put forward, our courses allow plenty of opportunity for students to practise putting forward their own arguments and discussing complex moral cases. Ethics at Keele is a participatory activity, not a spectator sport!
The course is open to all those with either a degree in a relevant subject, or appropriate professional qualifications and/or experience. Applications are welcome from people with a professional or other serious interest in health care ethics and law, including (but not limited to) doctors, nurses, midwives, health care managers, law graduates, physiotherapists, radiographers, chaplains, and voluntary workers.
Medical students can opt to take a year out of their undergraduate studies in order to pursue a relevant subject area in greater depth, before returning to complete the medical course. To intercalate at MA level, students must have completed the fourth year of a medical degree. Intercalating students would take the MA in Medical Ethics and Law as full-time students to ensure that the course is completed within one year.
The MA in Medical Law and Ethics includes both taught sessions and a chance for students to write a dissertation on a topic in health care ethics or law on a topic of their choosing related to the course. Teaching occurs in four three-day modules that run between September and April. This innovative structure has proved particularly popular with health care professionals in full-time employment as it allows students to combine study with full-time work, and family and other commitments. It also enables students who are based in all areas of the UK and beyond to attend. Contact between students and staff, and between students, is facilitated between modules to create a distinctive student community.
The MA requires the successful completion of 180 M Level credits, made up of four 30-credit taught modules and a 60-credit dissertation. It can be taken either full-time or part-time. When taken part-time the four taught modules are completed in the first year, with the dissertation being completed in the second year. When taking this route there are no specific attendance requirements during the second year apart from a one-day research skills workshop – you may meet your supervisor at mutually convenient times, keep in touch via email or phone, or use a combination of methods.
When taken full-time, the course is completed within one year with the dissertation being submitted at the start of September.
Some students may not want to do the whole course. An alternative route is to leave after completing the four taught modules. Successful completion of these will lead to the award of a Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Ethics and Law.
The content of the modules is briefly outlined below with illustrations the topics typically covered:
- Introduction to Moral and Legal Concepts: This module provides an introduction to the concepts and theories used on the course. It explores the distinction between consequentialist and deontological theories of ethics, the relationship between law and morality and the nature of moral and legal rights, as well as providing an introduction to some basic legal concepts, the structure of the English legal system, and the Human Rights Act.
- Autonomy and Paternalism: Topics covered in this module include the ethical and legal issues raised in consent to treatment, confidentiality, and patient choice. Among the questions to be considered are: Is paternalism ever acceptable? Is lying to patients always wrong? To what extent should patients have control over their own medical treatment? To what extent should doctors use their discretion to keep information from the patient?
- Life and Death:This module examines a variety of difficult ethical issues relating to the creation and destruction of human life. For example, does the law currently strike the right balance between protecting the foetus and respecting women’s autonomy? Should we deny terminally ill patients the right to choose to end their own lives by lethal injection? Topics covered include: the moral and legal status of the embryo; issues raised by reproductive technologies; the definition of death; moral and legal problems regarding physician assisted suicide, euthanasia and the withdrawal of medical treatment.
- Public Health: Areas normally covered in this module include: justice and resource allocation or ‘rationing’ of medical treatment; research ethics; discrimination and health care; and issues raised by new technologies. Module 4 normally includes at least one session which looks at a topical issue in public health policy.
The dissertation gives students a chance to undertake a more intensive piece of work (between 15,000 and 20,000 words) on a topic of their choice. Students will have a supervisor to provide support and advice during the writing process. Dissertation topics are chosen by the student themselves and must relate to an issue within the broad area of health care law or ethics.
Some students start the course with a clear idea about what they want to write about - often an ethical issue from within their own practice - but others find and develop particular interests as the course progresses and they learn more about ethical theory, so don't worry if you have no clear idea what to write about at the moment. Here is a far-from-exhaustive sample list of topics that students have written on in the past:
- Rights and fertility treatment
- Research ethics committees
- Organ and tissue retention
- Euthanasia and end of life decision making
- Withdrawal of treatment
- Definitions of death
- Pregnancy, labour, and consent
- Advance directives and autonomy
- Human experimentation
- Rationing and age discrimination
- Rationing and suicide attempts
- Occupational health
- Children and research trials
- Veterinary ethics
If there is a particular area you wish to write about, and would like to discuss this prior to applying for the course, please contact us.
Each of the taught modules is assessed by a single piece of coursework. This comprises an essay of 4,000 words for each module. All modules must be passed in order to proceed to the dissertation.
Students not living within daily travelling distance of Keele will need to arrange accommodation during the teaching blocks.
Although recommended readings are available in the library or on-line, students may wish to purchase some books for themselves.
We do not anticipate any other additional costs for this post graduate programme.
“Staff all impressively enthusiastic – very welcoming and inclusive”
“The course was wonderful, entertaining and the fellow students were useful because of the diverse range”
“Overall I have thoroughly enjoyed the taught part of the course and am sorry that we have reached the end of it so quickly”
|Module 1||Wednesday 8 - Friday 10 October 2014|
|Research Methods Workshop (year 2 and full-time only)||Monday 13 October 2014|
|Module 2||Wednesday 26 - Friday 28 November 2014|
|Module 3||Wednesday 28 - Friday 30 January 2015|
|Module 4||Wednesday 18 - Friday 20 March 2015|
Current UK/EU and International fees can be here.
School of Law Bursaries:
The School of Law is delighted to announce the launch of fee bursaries designed specifically to support students on our exciting range of PGT programmes in law and ethics. These fee bursaries, worth £1,000 each, will be awarded on the basis of academic merit and financial need. The PGT bursaries are equally available to Home/EU and International applicants. If you would like to be considered for a bursary, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for further details. These School awards are available in addition to the support provided for postgraduate study by the University. The deadline for applications is 1st June 2014.
Keele Graduate Bursaries:
Keele graduates are eligible for a Keele Graduate Bursary. This Alumni discount is worth £1,000 and is open to all UK/EU and international students who have graduated from a first degree programme at Keele. You do not have to apply for this bursary. The £1,000 will be automatically deducted from your tuition fees. For more information, please click here.
Keele International Student Scholarship (KISS):
Keele is offering its prestigious Scholarships to full-time international Postgraduate students. The Scholarships are £3,000 towards the cost of annual tuition fees. They are awarded to students who can demonstrate excellence in at least two of the following areas: academic qualifications; English Language ability; Understanding of the course and motivation to study at Keele; Extra-curricular or work experience. For more information, please click here.
PGCE student bursary – The Keele Bursary: UK and EU students commencing a full-time PGCE course at Keele University in September 2014 who have a gross annual household income below £25,000 including any bursary income and who are in receipt of the maximum maintenance grant or Special Support Grant will receive a Keele Bursary of £800. The bursary will be paid early in semester two. This bursary is not available to Welsh domiciled students who have part of their tuition fee paid by the Welsh Assembly.
The Keele Graduate Scholarship: We will award a cash bursary of £500 to students who attain first class honours in their first undergraduate degree and come to Keele to study a taught postgraduate course to at least postgraduate diploma level. Please note that PGCE and MA Social Work are not included in this award. Payment will be made pro rata for postgraduate study.
The Keele Access Scholarship: Bursaries of up to £850 are being made available for students from backgrounds with low participation in higher education who wish to take a taught postgraduate course at Keele to at least postgraduate diploma level. The university will select candidates based on specific criteria.
Access to Learning Fund (ALF):
The Access to Learning Fund (ALF) is a fund allocated to all universities by the Government. It’s purpose is to enable us to allocate payments (which don’t have to be repaid) to students experiencing severe financial hardship. In order to be eligible to apply to the fund, you have to: be a UK student; be eligible to receive financial support from the UK government (i.e. grants, loans etc.); be in receipt of your full entitlement of statutory and discretionary student funding including the maximum student loan you can take out; show evidence of hardship. For more information, please click here.
Funding for North American students:
American and Canadian students are eligible for a 10% bursary towards the overseas rate for the course for which they are applying. In addition, students graduating from one of our 30 North American partners will be eligible for a further 15% bursary. Previous exchange students from partner universities who decide to come back to Keele for graduate study are eligible for a 50% bursary. North American students are also able to compete for the NAFKU Scholarships (North American Foundation Keele University) which provides US$4,000 towards living costs at Keele. For more information, please click here.