Professor Alex Sharpe

Title: Professor of Law
Phone: +44(0)1782 733528
Email:
Location: Chancellor's Building, room CBC2.024
Role: Leverhulme Research Fellow until October 2017
Contacting me: Currently on research leave
Alex Sharpe 210916 port

LLB (University of Warwick); LLM (University of Western Australia); PhD (Keele); Barrister.

Professor Sharpe joined Keele in 2004. Prior to her appointment at Keele she taught and researched at Macquarie University, the University of Sydney, the University of Western Australia, the University of East London and the LSE. She has been a Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Sydney, the Faculty of Law, McGill University, Montreal, the Faculty of Law, Lund University, Sweden, the Crime and Justice Research Centre, Queensland University of Technology, and the Institute of Criminology, University of Sydney. In addition to her Keele Chair, she currently holds an Adjunct Professorship at Queensland University of Technology (2014 -). 

She has been involved in transgender law reform and activism for over twenty years. During that time, she has provided advice to various government agencies and departments, members of parliament, law firms, public interest advocacy organisations, and a variety of professional bodies, both in the UK and internationally. She has been cited judicially by the European Court of Human Rights and by a series of other courts in domestic jurisdictions. She sits on the International Legal Committee of the World Professional Association of Transgender Health (WPATH). This committee makes law reform interventions in transgender litigation worldwide by way of amicus briefs. She also sits on Amnesty International's Expert Committee on the Criminalisation of Sexual and Reproductive Conduct. For more information about Alex's work, see her 'Making a Difference' page: http://www.keele.ac.uk/law/research/makingadifference/alexsharpe/

Professor Sharpe’s primary research interests lie in the areas of Social and Legal Theory, Legal History, and Gender, Sexuality and the Law. She is the author of  Foucault’s Monsters and the Challenge of Law (London: Routledge, 2010) and Transgender Jurisprudence: Dysphoric Bodies of Law (London: Cavendish, 2002).

Her study of transgender and the law is the first book-length critical treatment of the subject area. In her most recent book, Foucault’s Monsters, she develops her interest in law’s production of outsiders by providing a theoretical and historical analysis of the legal category monster. Her current research project focuses on a series of criminal prosecutions brought against transgender people for sexual 'fraud'. This project considers (i) the limits of state intervention through the criminal law (ii) the ethicality of sexual conduct/omission and (iii) offers a queer reading of desire. See: http://www.keele.ac.uk/law/research/researchprojects/sexualintimacynon-disclosureofgenderhistoryrightsandethicalobligation/ 

 

Alex is happy to supervise postgraduate research students in the areas of Social and Legal Theory and Gender, Sexuality and the Law. She would especially like to supervise PhD students keen to explore medical and/or legal issues surrounding transgender/Intersex. A variety of PhD funding possibilities are available at Keele.

Alex is currently supervising the following PhD students:

Robyn Emerton, 'Transgender Prisoners: Rights, Bodies and Penal Power' (AHRC funded studentship) (2013 -)

Stella Coyle, 'God and My Right: How should law adjudicate conflicts between sexual orientation and the expression of religious belief?' (Faculty funded GTA studentship) (2012 -)

 

 

 

Selected Publications

  • Sharpe A. 2016. Sexual Intimacy, Gender Variance and Criminal Law. Nordic Journal of Human Rights, vol. 33(4), 380-391. doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2015. The Dark Truth Behind the Convictions for 'Gender Fraud'. New Statesman (16/12/15) http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/feminism/2015/12/dark-truth-behind-convictions-gender-fraud. full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2016. Expanding Liability for Sexual Fraud through the Concept of 'Active Deception': A Flawed Approach. Journal of Criminal Law, vol. 80(1), 28-44. doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2015. Let Germaine Greer Speak. Its the Fastest Way to Discredit Her (2015) 27th October. The New Statesman http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/feminism/2015/10/let-germaine-greer-speak-its-fastest-way-discredit-her.
  • Sharpe A. 2015. 'There's More Than Meets the Eye in the Case of Gayle Newland'. New Statesman 18 Sept http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/feminism/2015/09/theres-more-meets-eye-case-gayle-newland.

Full Publications List show

Books

  • Sharpe A. 2010. Foucault's Monsters and the Challenge of Law. London: Routledge pp 184.
  • Sharpe A. 2002. Transgender Jurisprudence: Dysphoric Bodies of Law. London: Cavendish pp 229.

Journal Articles

  • Sharpe A. 2016. The Poverty of Gender Critical Feminism. Inherently Human: Critical Perspectives on Law, Gender and Sexuality https://inherentlyhuman.wordpress.com/2016/05/17/the-poverty-of-gender-critical-feminism/. link> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2016. 'Stop Me if You Think You've Heard This One Before'. Inherently Human: Critical Perspectives on Law, Gender & Sexuality https://inherentlyhuman.wordpress.com/2016/04/02/stop-me-if-you-think-youve-heard-this-one-before-the-stranglehold-of-the-gender-fraud-narrative/. full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2016. Sexual Intimacy, Gender Variance and Criminal Law. Nordic Journal of Human Rights, vol. 33(4), 380-391. doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2016. Transgender Inquiry Side-Steps Urgent Issue of 'Gender Fraud'. Inherently Human: Critical Perspectives on Law, Gender and Sexuality (Vol 39) https://inherentlyhuman.wordpress.com/2016/01/15/transgender-inquiry-side-steps-urgent-issue-of-gender-fraud/. full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2015. The Dark Truth Behind the Convictions for 'Gender Fraud'. New Statesman (16/12/15) http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/feminism/2015/12/dark-truth-behind-convictions-gender-fraud. full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2016. Expanding Liability for Sexual Fraud through the Concept of 'Active Deception': A Flawed Approach. Journal of Criminal Law, vol. 80(1), 28-44. doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2015. Let Germaine Greer Speak. Its the Fastest Way to Discredit Her (2015) 27th October. The New Statesman http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/feminism/2015/10/let-germaine-greer-speak-its-fastest-way-discredit-her.
  • Sharpe A. 2015. (2015) ' Deceit or Disappointment? Gender Fraud Revisited' 7 October. Inherently Human: Critical Perspectives on Law, Gender and Sexuality (Vol 37) https://inherentlyhuman.wordpress.com/2015/10/06/deceit-or-disappointment-gender-fraud-revisited/. full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2015. 'There's More Than Meets the Eye in the Case of Gayle Newland'. New Statesman 18 Sept http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/feminism/2015/09/theres-more-meets-eye-case-gayle-newland.
  • Sharpe A. 2014. Criminalising Sexual Intimacy: Transgender Defendants and the Legal Construction of Non-Consent. Criminal Law Review, 207-223. link> link> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2013. Constructing Trans-Cis Sexual Intimacy as Rape: A Novel Cis-Sexist Genre. Inherently Human: Critical Perspectives on Law, Gender and Sexuality. link> link>
  • Sharpe A. 2013. As a Transgender Woman in Prison Chelsea Manning is Commencing the Greatest Struggle of her Life. The Independent. link> link>
  • Sharpe A. 2013. We Must Not Uphold Gender Norms at the Expense of Human Dignity: Sexual Intimacy, Gender Variance and the Criminal Law. New Statesman, vol. 1st May http://www.newstatesman.com/politics/2013/05/we-must-not-uphold-gender-norms-expense-human-dignity. link> link>
  • Sharpe A. 2012. Transgender Marriage and the Legal Obligation to Disclose Gender History. Modern Law Review, vol. 75(1), 33-53. link> doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A, Wegerstad L, Selberg N. 2012. 'Law's Outsiders: An Interview with Alex Sharpe'. Retfaerd: Nordic Journal of Law and Justice, vol. 35(3), 85-98. link> link> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2009. Gender Recognition in the UK: A Great Leap Forward. SOC LEGAL STUD, vol. 18(2), 241-245. doi>
  • Sharpe A. 2009. Gender Recognition in the UK: A Return to the 'Truth' of the Past. SOC LEGAL STUD, vol. 18(2), 259-263. doi>
  • Sharpe A. 2009. England's Legal Monsters. Law, Culture and the Humanities, vol. 5(1), 100-130. doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2007. Foucault's Monsters, the Abnormal Individual and the Challenge of English Law. Journal of Historical Sociology, vol. 20(3), 384-403. doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2007. Structured Like A Monster: Understanding Human Difference Through A Legal Category. Law and Critique, vol. 18(2), 207-228. doi> full text>
  • Sharpe A. 2007. Endless Sex: The Gender Recognition Act 2004 and the Persistence of a Legal Category. Feminist Legal Studies, vol. 15(1), 57-84. doi>
  • Sharpe A. 2007. A Critique of the Gender Recognition Act 2004. J BIOETHIC INQ, vol. 4(1), 33-42. doi>
  • Sharpe A and Moran LJ. 2004. Violence, Identity and Policing: the Case of Violence against Transgender People. Criminal Justice, vol. 4(4), 395-417.
  • Sharpe A. 2003. Talking Point: Kevin and Jennifer Revisited. Polare, 33-34. link>
  • Sharpe A. 2002. Thinking Critically in Moments of Transgender Law Reform: Re Kevin and Jennifer v Attorney-General for the Commonwealth. Griffith Law Review, vol. 11(2), 309-331.
  • Sharpe A. 2002. English Transgender Law Reform and the Spectre of Corbett. Feminist Legal Studies, vol. 10(1), 65-89.
  • Sharpe A. 2002. Intersex, Transgender and English Law Reform. Transgender Tapestry, 39-41. link>
  • Moran LJ and Sharpe A. 2002. Policing the Transgender/Violence Relation. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 13(3), 269-285.
  • Sharpe A. 2002. Sex, Marriage and the F2M. Torque, vol. 2, 11-13. link>
  • Sharpe A. 2001. One Step Beyond: the New Zealand Judiciary and Transgender Law Reform. Alternative Law Journal, vol. 26(3), 130-135.
  • Sharpe A. 2001. From Functionality to Aesthetics: the Architecture of Transgender Jurisprudence. Murdoch University Electronic Law Journal, vol. 8(1). link>
  • Sharpe A. 2001. In the Shadow of Homosexual Anxiety: Transgender Law Reform in Western Australia. Gay and Lesbian Law Journal, vol. 10, 1-26.
  • Sharpe A. 2000. (Trans)Sexual Dissidents: Beyond Law's Desire. ALSA Law Reporter, vol. 9, 30-34. link>
  • Sharpe A. 2000. Reporting Transgender Violence: Encounters with the Police. Polare. link>
  • Sharpe A. 2000. Transgender Jurisprudence and the Spectre of Homosexuality. Australian Feminist Law Journal, vol. 14(1), 23-37.
  • Sharpe A. 1999. Imagining the Sexual: Transgendered Desire and Law's Limit. Flinders Journal of Law Reform, vol. 3(2), 273-282. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1999. Transgender Performance and the Discriminating Gaze: A Critique of Anti-Discrimination Regulatory Regimes. Social and Legal Studies: An International Journal, vol. 8(1), 5-24. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1997. Anglo-Australian Judicial Approaches to Transsexuality: Discontinuities, Continuities and Wider Issues at Stake. Social and Legal Studies: An International Journal, vol. 6(1), 23-50.
  • Sharpe A. 1997. Attempting the 'Impossible': The Case of Transsexual Rape. Criminal Law Journal, vol. 21(1), 23-31. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1997. Naturalising Sex Difference through Sport: An Examination of the New South Wales Transgender Legislation. Alternative Law Journal, vol. 22(1), 40-41. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1997. The Transsexual and Marriage: Law's Contradictory Desires. Australasian Gay and Lesbian Law Journal, vol. 7, 1-14. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1997. Theoretical Note: Coercion and the Status of Non-compliant Action. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 30(1), 95-96. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1996. Judicial Uses of Transsexuality: A Site for Political Contestation. Alternative Law Journal, vol. 21(4), 153-156. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1995. Corporate Performance Crime as Structurally Coerced Action. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 28(1), 73-92. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1995. Police performance Crime as Structurally Coerced Action. Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy, vol. 5(3), 201-220.
  • Sharpe A. 1995. The Failure to Degenderise the Law of Rape: The Criminal Justice and Public Order Act and the Transsexual Rape Victim. The Criminal Lawyer, 7-8. link>
  • Sharpe A. 1994. The Precarious Position of the Transsexual Rape Victim. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 6(2), 303-307. link>

Chapters

  • Sharpe A. 2016. 'Transgender Jurisprudence and the Spectre of Homosexuality'. In Law and Sexuality: Critical Concepts in Law, vol 2 Chp 17. Routledge.
  • Sharpe A. 2016. 'Transgender Marriage and the Legal Obligation to Disclose Gender History'. In Law and Sexuality: Critical Concepts in Law, vol 2 Chp 17. Routledge.
  • Sharpe A and Moran L. 2016. 'Violence, Identity and Policing: The Case of Violence Against Transgender People’. In Theoretical Criminology: Critical Concepts in Criminology, vol 2, Chp 30. Routledge.
  • Sharpe A. 2010. Marriage and Civil Partnerships: Equality and Difference. In Multikulturalismus Queer Gelesen: Zwangsheirat und Gleichgeschlechtliche ehe in Pluralen Gesellschaften. Strasser S and Holzleithner E (Eds.). Frankfurt: Campus Verlag.
  • SHARPE A. 2010. Structured Like a Monster: Understanding Human Difference through a Legal Category'. In Foucault and the Law. Golder B and Fitzpatrick P (Eds.). Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.
  • SHARPE A. 2008. Endless sex: The Gender Recognition Act and the Persistence of a Legal Category. In The Family, Law and Society: Cases and Materials. Hale B, Monk D, Cooke E, Pearl D (Eds.). (6th revised edition ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • SHARPE A. 2006. From Functionality to Aesthetics: The Architecture of Transgender Jurisprudence. In The Transgender Studies Reader. Stryker S and Whittle S (Eds.). New York: Routledge.
  • SHARPE A. 2006. Transgender Jurisprudence and the Spectre of Homosexuality. In Sexuality and Identity: Volume of the International Library of Essays in Law and Society. Moran L (Ed.). Aldershot: Ashgate.
  • Sharpe A, Witten T, Pirelli-Benestad EE, Berger I, Ekins RJM, Ettner R, Harima K, Nodin N, P'yatokha V, King D, Landen M. 2003. 'Entry for Transgender/Transsexual'. In The Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: Men and Women in the World's Cultures. Ember CR and Ember M (Eds.). New York: Kluwer/Plenum.
  • Sharpe A. 1998. Institutionalising Heterosexuality: The Legal Exclusion of 'Impossible' (Trans)sexualities'. In Legal Queeries: Lesbian, Gay and Transgender Legal Studies. Moran L, Monk D, Beresford, S (Eds.). London: Cassell. link>

Other

  • Sharpe A. 2013. Book review of Intersexuality and the Law: Why Sex Matters (2012) Julie A. Greenberg, New York University Press.
  • Sharpe A. 2009. Book Review of Transgender Voices: Beyond Women and Men (2008) Lori B. Girshick, University Press of New England, Lebanon.
  • Sharpe A. 1998. Book Review of Sex Changes: The Politics of Transgenderism (1997) P. Califia, Cleis Press, San Francisco.
  • Sharpe A. 1997. Book Review of Corporate Crime: Contemporary Debates (1995) (eds) F.Pearce & L. Snider, University of Toronto Press, Toronto. Australia.
  • Sharpe A. 1997. Book Review of Homophobic Violence (1997) (eds) G. Mason & S. Tomsen, Hawkins Press, Sydney. Australia.
  • Sharpe A. 1996. Book Review of Crime and Criminology: An Introduction (1996) (eds) R. White & F. Haines, Oxford University Press.

Undergraduate:

Crime 1 (Compulsory Module - Module Leader)
Crime 2 (Compulsory Module)
Crime 3 (Elective Module - Module Leader)
Gender, Sexuality & Law (Elective Module - Module Leader)
Law, Science and Society (Elective Module)
Law and Ethics (Elective Module)

Postgraduate:

LLM Gender, Sexuality and Law (Course Director) 
MA Human Rights, Globalisation and Justice
MA Medical Ethics and Law
MRes Social Science Research Methods in Law
MA Safeguarding Adults: Law, Policy & Practice
MA Child Care Law and Practice
LLM Law and Society

Member of Amnesty International's Expert Committee on the Criminalisation of Sexual and Reproductive Conduct.

Peer Reviewer for the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

Member of the International Legal Committee of WPATH (World Professional Association of Transgender Health).

Editorial Board Member of the International Journal of Transgenderism.

Editorial Board Member of the International Journal of Gender, Sexuality and Law.

Editorial Board Member of the International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy.

Member of the Centre for Law, Gender & Sexuality.

Associate Member of the Research Centre for Somatechnics. 

Member of the Socio-Legal Studies Association.

Consultant to government bodies, NGOs and law firms concerning transgender legal issues.